Diffuse gliomas, the most frequent and aggressive primary central nervous system neoplasms, currently lack effective curative treatments, particularly for cases lacking the favorable prognostic marker IDH mutation. Nonetheless, advances in molecular biology allowed to identify several druggable alterations in a subset of IDH wild-type gliomas, such as NTRK and FGFR-TACC fusions, and BRAF hotspot mutations. Multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as regorafenib, also showed efficacy in the setting of recurrent glioblastoma. IDH inhibitors are currently in the advanced phase of clinical evaluation for patients with IDH-mutant gliomas. Several immunotherapeutic approaches, such as tumor vaccines or checkpoint inhibitors, failed to improve patients' outcomes. Even so, they may be still beneficial in a subset of them. New methods, such as using pulsed ultrasound to disrupt the blood-brain barrier, gene therapy, and oncolytic virotherapy, are well tolerated and may be included in the therapeutic armamentarium soon.

Innovating Strategies and Tailored Approaches in Neuro-Oncology

Naccarato, Antonio Giuseppe;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Diffuse gliomas, the most frequent and aggressive primary central nervous system neoplasms, currently lack effective curative treatments, particularly for cases lacking the favorable prognostic marker IDH mutation. Nonetheless, advances in molecular biology allowed to identify several druggable alterations in a subset of IDH wild-type gliomas, such as NTRK and FGFR-TACC fusions, and BRAF hotspot mutations. Multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as regorafenib, also showed efficacy in the setting of recurrent glioblastoma. IDH inhibitors are currently in the advanced phase of clinical evaluation for patients with IDH-mutant gliomas. Several immunotherapeutic approaches, such as tumor vaccines or checkpoint inhibitors, failed to improve patients' outcomes. Even so, they may be still beneficial in a subset of them. New methods, such as using pulsed ultrasound to disrupt the blood-brain barrier, gene therapy, and oncolytic virotherapy, are well tolerated and may be included in the therapeutic armamentarium soon.
2022
Picca, Alberto; Guyon, David; Santonocito, Orazio Santo; Baldini, Capucine; Idbaih, Ahmed; Carpentier, Alexandre; Naccarato, Antonio Giuseppe; Caccese, Mario; Lombardi, Giuseppe; Di Stefano, Anna Luisa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1161884
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