Background: Chest computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for the evaluation of systemic sclerosis-related interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD). Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a radiation-free tool that identifies the B-lines as a main feature of ILD. We aimed to investigate the role of LUS in the evaluation of the extent of SSc-ILD. Methods: Adult SSc patients underwent pulmonary function tests (PFTs), LUS and CT. The CT images were qualitatively, semi-quantitatively (the Wells score on five levels and the categorical Goh et al. staging) and quantitatively (histogram-based densitometry) analysed for ILD. LUS quantified B-lines in 21 intercostal spaces on both the anterior and posterior chest wall. Results: Out of the 77 SSc patients eligible for the study, 35 presented with ILD on CT (21 limited, 14 extensive). Total B-lines significantly differentiated ILD vs. no ILD (median 24 vs. 8, p < 0.001). Posterior and total B-lines significantly differentiated limited from absent ILD, while anterior B-lines distinguished extensive from limited ILD. Total B-lines correlated with the Wells score (r = 0.446, p < 0.001) and MLA (r = -0.571, p < 0.001); similar results were confirmed when anterior and posterior B-lines were analysed separately. Conclusions: LUS is a useful tool to identify SSc-ILD and to correlate with different evaluations of ILD extent and severity.

Lung Ultrasound B-Lines in the Evaluation of the Extent of Interstitial Lung Disease in Systemic Sclerosis

cosimo bruni;Luna Gargani;Gemma Lepri;Martina Orlandi;Chiara Romei;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Chest computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for the evaluation of systemic sclerosis-related interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD). Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a radiation-free tool that identifies the B-lines as a main feature of ILD. We aimed to investigate the role of LUS in the evaluation of the extent of SSc-ILD. Methods: Adult SSc patients underwent pulmonary function tests (PFTs), LUS and CT. The CT images were qualitatively, semi-quantitatively (the Wells score on five levels and the categorical Goh et al. staging) and quantitatively (histogram-based densitometry) analysed for ILD. LUS quantified B-lines in 21 intercostal spaces on both the anterior and posterior chest wall. Results: Out of the 77 SSc patients eligible for the study, 35 presented with ILD on CT (21 limited, 14 extensive). Total B-lines significantly differentiated ILD vs. no ILD (median 24 vs. 8, p < 0.001). Posterior and total B-lines significantly differentiated limited from absent ILD, while anterior B-lines distinguished extensive from limited ILD. Total B-lines correlated with the Wells score (r = 0.446, p < 0.001) and MLA (r = -0.571, p < 0.001); similar results were confirmed when anterior and posterior B-lines were analysed separately. Conclusions: LUS is a useful tool to identify SSc-ILD and to correlate with different evaluations of ILD extent and severity.
2022
Bruni, Cosimo; Mattolini, Lavinia; Tofani, Lorenzo; Gargani, Luna; Landini, Nicholas; Roma, Nicola; Lepri, Gemma; Orlandi, Martina; Guiducci, Serena; Bellando-Randone, Silvia; Romei, Chiara; Wang, Yukai; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1162257
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