Recent literature introduced novel additively manufactured porous metallic structures designed to deliver enhancement of the thermal conductivity of organic phase change materials. Among these, so-called lattice structures are of particular interest for application in lightweight components. Originally investigated for their attractive mass-specific mechanical properties, these geometries were recently proposed, in alternative to metallic foams, as a conductive matrix of phase change materials. However, the geometrical parameters of a lattice structure differ from the ones of a metallic foam and no established data exist in the literature about the influence of the lattice cell geometry on the transient heat transfer enhancement of a phase change material. This work presents an experimental comparison of the thermal behaviour of a composite based on an n-Octadecane paraffin wax embedded in four different aluminium lattices with varying unit cell topology (f2ccz, bcc, bccz, f2bcc), but showing the same cell size, aspect ratio and strut diameter. It is noticed that the unit cell topology affects the transient thermal behaviour beyond its direct effect on the cell porosity. To address this, a specific thermal performance parameter is identified. The sample based on the f2ccz topology represents the best candidate. The influence of orientation with respect to gravity on the heat transfer is also investigated. While the samples show relatively low porosity, ranging from 70.7% to 83.4%, the wide pore diameters lead to a high impact of melt convection on the thermal behaviour of most samples. Up to 28% wall temperature variation is evidenced for different heating orientations.

Experimental analysis of the thermal energy storage potential of a phase change material embedded in additively manufactured lattice structures

Mameli M.;Filippeschi S.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Recent literature introduced novel additively manufactured porous metallic structures designed to deliver enhancement of the thermal conductivity of organic phase change materials. Among these, so-called lattice structures are of particular interest for application in lightweight components. Originally investigated for their attractive mass-specific mechanical properties, these geometries were recently proposed, in alternative to metallic foams, as a conductive matrix of phase change materials. However, the geometrical parameters of a lattice structure differ from the ones of a metallic foam and no established data exist in the literature about the influence of the lattice cell geometry on the transient heat transfer enhancement of a phase change material. This work presents an experimental comparison of the thermal behaviour of a composite based on an n-Octadecane paraffin wax embedded in four different aluminium lattices with varying unit cell topology (f2ccz, bcc, bccz, f2bcc), but showing the same cell size, aspect ratio and strut diameter. It is noticed that the unit cell topology affects the transient thermal behaviour beyond its direct effect on the cell porosity. To address this, a specific thermal performance parameter is identified. The sample based on the f2ccz topology represents the best candidate. The influence of orientation with respect to gravity on the heat transfer is also investigated. While the samples show relatively low porosity, ranging from 70.7% to 83.4%, the wide pore diameters lead to a high impact of melt convection on the thermal behaviour of most samples. Up to 28% wall temperature variation is evidenced for different heating orientations.
2022
Piacquadio, S.; Schirp-Schoenen, M.; Mameli, M.; Filippeschi, S.; Schroder, K. -U.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1163093
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