We report a case of decompensated porto-pulmonary hypertension closely associated with the development of intra-portocaval shunt thrombosis. A woman with Laennec's cirrhosis was hospitalized because of severe dyspnea and edema. She underwent surgical portocaval anastomosis ten years ago. Imaging studies showed massive intra-shunt thrombosis, portal hypertension, ascites, pleuro-pericardial effusions and enlargement of right cardiac cavities. Cardiac catheterization allowed to rule out coronary and left-sided heart abnormalities and led to the diagnosis of pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension. Antithrombotic treatment with low molecular weight heparin was instituted. The management also included ACE inhibitors, spironolactone, low-salt diet and lactulose. The patient was discharged and three months later we observed the disappearance of edema, ascites and pleuro-pericardial effusions, a marked body weight reduction and improved dyspnea and liver function tests. A possible link between the development of intra-shunt thrombosis and clinical decompensation in our patient was hypothesized. In fact, it has been demonstrated that the increased portal pressure, caused by occlusion of portosystemic shunt, reduces renal plasma flow and increases systemic endothelin-1 concentration. In our patient the disappearance of edematous state and improved dyspnea observed after recanalization of the shunt strongly support this hypothesis.
|Autori:||Giannarelli C; De Giorgi A; De Negri F; Carmassi F|
|Titolo:||Decompensated porto-pulmonary hypertension in a cirrhotic patient with thrombosis of portocaval shunt|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|