HCV-related mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is characterized by clonal expansion of B-cells producing a polyreactive natural antibody (rheumatoid factor) and interferon (IFN)-based therapy is the first therapeutic option in mild-moderate MC. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) proximal to genes involved in the innate response (IL28B/IFN-λ gene family) are strongly associated with spontaneous and IFN-induced viral clearance in hepatitis C, but no data exist about their role in HCV-positive MC (MC-HCV). A large cohort of MC-HCV patients was studied in order to evaluate the influence of IL28B genotype on the response to treatment and/or the evolution to MC of HCV infection. The rs12979860/rs8099917 IL28B polymorphisms were analyzed in 481 consecutive HCV-positive subjects (250 with MC-HCV and 231 without MC -controls-) using Real-time PCR and direct sequencing. 115 MC-HCV patients received standard anti-HCV therapy and the results were evaluated according to the IL28B SNP distribution. Similar IL28B SNPs allele frequencies were recorded for MC-HCV patients and controls. IL28B major allele homozygosis (for both SNPs tested) was tightly correlated with virological and clinical response (p=0.002). A statistically significant association was limited to “difficult-to-treat” (G1/4) HCV genotypes. The IL28B genotype was a strong independent predictor of response (p=0.007, O.R. 6.06; C.I. 1.65-22.22). The IL28B genotype was confirmed to be a useful predictor of response to IFN-based therapy in also MC-HCV patients. The very close correlation between IL28B SNPs distribution, virological and clinical response definitively confirmed the key role played by HCV in MC. Conversely, the IL28B genotype does not seem to influence the evolution to MC.

Value of IL28B genotyping in patients with HCV-related mixed cryoglobulinemia: results of a large, prospective study

GRAGNANI, LAURA;
2013-01-01

Abstract

HCV-related mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is characterized by clonal expansion of B-cells producing a polyreactive natural antibody (rheumatoid factor) and interferon (IFN)-based therapy is the first therapeutic option in mild-moderate MC. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) proximal to genes involved in the innate response (IL28B/IFN-λ gene family) are strongly associated with spontaneous and IFN-induced viral clearance in hepatitis C, but no data exist about their role in HCV-positive MC (MC-HCV). A large cohort of MC-HCV patients was studied in order to evaluate the influence of IL28B genotype on the response to treatment and/or the evolution to MC of HCV infection. The rs12979860/rs8099917 IL28B polymorphisms were analyzed in 481 consecutive HCV-positive subjects (250 with MC-HCV and 231 without MC -controls-) using Real-time PCR and direct sequencing. 115 MC-HCV patients received standard anti-HCV therapy and the results were evaluated according to the IL28B SNP distribution. Similar IL28B SNPs allele frequencies were recorded for MC-HCV patients and controls. IL28B major allele homozygosis (for both SNPs tested) was tightly correlated with virological and clinical response (p=0.002). A statistically significant association was limited to “difficult-to-treat” (G1/4) HCV genotypes. The IL28B genotype was a strong independent predictor of response (p=0.007, O.R. 6.06; C.I. 1.65-22.22). The IL28B genotype was confirmed to be a useful predictor of response to IFN-based therapy in also MC-HCV patients. The very close correlation between IL28B SNPs distribution, virological and clinical response definitively confirmed the key role played by HCV in MC. Conversely, the IL28B genotype does not seem to influence the evolution to MC.
Piluso, Alessia; Giannini, Carlo; Fognani, Elisa; Gragnani, Laura; Caini, Patrizio; Monti, Monica; Petrarca, Antonio; Ranieri, Jessica; T., Urraro; E., Triboli; Laffi, Giacomo; Zignego, ANNA LINDA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1163330
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