Over 180 million people worldwide are chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV infection is a major cause for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), moreover the association with B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) like mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) or B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) is undisputed. The mechanisms by which HCV contributes to LPD development are still poorly understood. Available data suggest that the viral infection may induce LPDs through a multifactorial and multistep process that involves the sustained activation of B cells, the abnormal and prolonged B cell survival, and genetic and/or epigenetic factors. Concerning genetic factors, different authors reported an association between specific HLA clusters or B-cell activating factor promoter genotype and a higher risk of developing MC and lymphoma. In addition, the results of a large, ongoing genome wide association study (GWAS) will probably allow the identification of specific genetic profile of HCV patients with LPDs. Furthermore, microRNAs (miRNAs) can give a major contribution to the pathogenesis of several neoplastic, lymphoproliferative diseases and it is conceivable their involvement in the pathogenesis of HCV-related LPDs. We recently showed that specific miRNAs were differently modulated in PBMCs from HCV patients who developed MC and/or NHL. In addition, HCV patients who developed HCC, showed a differential miRNAs regulation. In conclusion, available data suggest that the genetic/epigenetic analysis of HCV-related cancerogenesis is of great usefulness in both the pathogenetic and clinical/translational areas possibly allowing the definition of diagnostic/prognostic markers for early detection of lymphatic or hepatic cancer.

HCV AND lymphoma: Genetic and epigenetic factors

Gragnani L;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Over 180 million people worldwide are chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV infection is a major cause for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), moreover the association with B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) like mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) or B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) is undisputed. The mechanisms by which HCV contributes to LPD development are still poorly understood. Available data suggest that the viral infection may induce LPDs through a multifactorial and multistep process that involves the sustained activation of B cells, the abnormal and prolonged B cell survival, and genetic and/or epigenetic factors. Concerning genetic factors, different authors reported an association between specific HLA clusters or B-cell activating factor promoter genotype and a higher risk of developing MC and lymphoma. In addition, the results of a large, ongoing genome wide association study (GWAS) will probably allow the identification of specific genetic profile of HCV patients with LPDs. Furthermore, microRNAs (miRNAs) can give a major contribution to the pathogenesis of several neoplastic, lymphoproliferative diseases and it is conceivable their involvement in the pathogenesis of HCV-related LPDs. We recently showed that specific miRNAs were differently modulated in PBMCs from HCV patients who developed MC and/or NHL. In addition, HCV patients who developed HCC, showed a differential miRNAs regulation. In conclusion, available data suggest that the genetic/epigenetic analysis of HCV-related cancerogenesis is of great usefulness in both the pathogenetic and clinical/translational areas possibly allowing the definition of diagnostic/prognostic markers for early detection of lymphatic or hepatic cancer.
https://journals.lww.com/jaids/Abstract/2014/04002/149_HCV_AND_lymphoma__Genetic_and_epigenetic.53.aspx
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1163439
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact