At completion of this course, veterinary students should be able to: • Provide examples of ways in which laboratory tests are used in the diagnosis, prognosis, and monitoring of disease; in monitoring health; in evaluating stress; and in evaluating nutritional status, exercise, or training. • List the basic haematological and biochemical tests used in the evaluation of animal health and diagnosis of disease in domestic animals. • Use appropriate units and terminology for laboratory tests and laboratory test abnormalities • List the variables responsible for preanalytical, analytical and postanalytical sources of error in laboratory test results and describe ways of avoiding them. • List the factors affecting reference intervals that must be considered in their calculation and use. • Plan and equip an in-practice laboratory, including basic instruments, supplies, stains, and reagents. • Interpret laboratory test results using appropriate reference intervals and with consideration of available clinical information. As part of this process: o Make a list of both quantitative and qualitative abnormalities in test results. o Relate abnormal test values to each other when possible, and to clinical findings. o Construct a list of differential diagnoses to explain the laboratory abnormalities. o Propose additional potentially useful tests for confirming or ruling out potential diseases or pathophysiologic processes.
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