BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that differences in nasal nitric oxide (nNO) and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) relate to prognosis in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the relationship between baseline values and longitudinal evolution of nNO and FENO and ultrastructure, genotype, and respiratory infections in PCD? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal, single-center study in adults and children evaluated biannually for up to 10 years. We compared cross-sectional and longi-tudinal values of nNO and FENO in ultrastructural (inner dynein arm [IDA] and microtubular disorganization [MTD]) and genetic (CCDC39 and CCDC40) groups known to have worse pulmonary function with patients within the ultrastructural and genetic groups with a better prognosis. Linear mixed-effects models were used to evaluate longitudinal associations. RESULTS: One hundred forty-one patients with PCD underwent 1,014 visits. At enrollment, no differences were found in children in nNO or FENO between the IDA and MTD group and the other ultrastructural groups. In adults, nNO (P = .038) and FENO (P = .032) were significantly lower in the IDA and MTD group than in all other combined ultrastructural groups. FENO values were significantly lower in the CCDC39 and CCDC40 group than in the DNAH5 and DNAH11 combined genotype group (P = .033) and in all other genotypes (P = .032). The IDA and MTD group showed a significant decline in nNO with age (P < .01) compared with other ultrastructural groups who showed stable levels. The CCDC39 and CCDC40 group showed the steepest decline in nNO over time (P < .01) compared with all other genotypes. A higher nNO was associated with lower likelihood of any positive bacterial isolate from the lower respiratory tract (P = .008). Changes in FENO over time did not differ between structural groups or genotypes.

Longitudinal Nitric Oxide Levels and Infections by Ultrastructure and Genotype in Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

Miccoli, Mario
Methodology
;
Peroni, Diego
Penultimo
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that differences in nasal nitric oxide (nNO) and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) relate to prognosis in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the relationship between baseline values and longitudinal evolution of nNO and FENO and ultrastructure, genotype, and respiratory infections in PCD? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal, single-center study in adults and children evaluated biannually for up to 10 years. We compared cross-sectional and longi-tudinal values of nNO and FENO in ultrastructural (inner dynein arm [IDA] and microtubular disorganization [MTD]) and genetic (CCDC39 and CCDC40) groups known to have worse pulmonary function with patients within the ultrastructural and genetic groups with a better prognosis. Linear mixed-effects models were used to evaluate longitudinal associations. RESULTS: One hundred forty-one patients with PCD underwent 1,014 visits. At enrollment, no differences were found in children in nNO or FENO between the IDA and MTD group and the other ultrastructural groups. In adults, nNO (P = .038) and FENO (P = .032) were significantly lower in the IDA and MTD group than in all other combined ultrastructural groups. FENO values were significantly lower in the CCDC39 and CCDC40 group than in the DNAH5 and DNAH11 combined genotype group (P = .033) and in all other genotypes (P = .032). The IDA and MTD group showed a significant decline in nNO with age (P < .01) compared with other ultrastructural groups who showed stable levels. The CCDC39 and CCDC40 group showed the steepest decline in nNO over time (P < .01) compared with all other genotypes. A higher nNO was associated with lower likelihood of any positive bacterial isolate from the lower respiratory tract (P = .008). Changes in FENO over time did not differ between structural groups or genotypes.
2022
Pifferi, Massimo; Boner, Attilio L; Gracci, Serena; Fonnesu, Rossella; Maj, Debora; Donzelli, Gabriele; Michelucci, Angela; Cangiotti, Angela; Bertini...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1165428
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