Three killer toxins that were previously investigated, one excreted by Kluyveromyces wickerhamii and two by different strains of Wickerhamomyces anomalus, were produced at the pilot scale, lyophilized and characterized, and the formulates were assessed for their zymocidial effect against Brettanomyces bruxellensis spoilage yeast. A comparative analysis allowed the evaluation of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against a sensitive strain. Fungicidal and fungistatic concentrations were used to evaluate the cytocidal effect using a cytofluorimetric approach that confirmed the lethal effect of all lyophilized formulates against B. bruxellensis spoilage yeasts. Moreover, the potential killer toxins’ cytotoxicity against human intestinal cells (Caco-2) were evaluated to exclude any possible negative effect on the consumers. Finally, the effective lethal effect of all three lyophilized killer toxins toward B. bruxellensis sensitive strain were tested. The results indicated that all of them acted without dangerous effects on the human epithelial cells, opening the way for their possible commercial application. In particular, D15 showed the lowest MIC and the highest activity, was evaluated also in wine, revealing a strong reduction of Brettamonyces yeast growth and, at the same time, a control of ethyl phenols production.

Comparative zymocidial effect of three different killer toxins against Brettanomyces bruxellensis spoilage yeasts

Semih Esin;Monica Agnolucci;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Three killer toxins that were previously investigated, one excreted by Kluyveromyces wickerhamii and two by different strains of Wickerhamomyces anomalus, were produced at the pilot scale, lyophilized and characterized, and the formulates were assessed for their zymocidial effect against Brettanomyces bruxellensis spoilage yeast. A comparative analysis allowed the evaluation of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against a sensitive strain. Fungicidal and fungistatic concentrations were used to evaluate the cytocidal effect using a cytofluorimetric approach that confirmed the lethal effect of all lyophilized formulates against B. bruxellensis spoilage yeasts. Moreover, the potential killer toxins’ cytotoxicity against human intestinal cells (Caco-2) were evaluated to exclude any possible negative effect on the consumers. Finally, the effective lethal effect of all three lyophilized killer toxins toward B. bruxellensis sensitive strain were tested. The results indicated that all of them acted without dangerous effects on the human epithelial cells, opening the way for their possible commercial application. In particular, D15 showed the lowest MIC and the highest activity, was evaluated also in wine, revealing a strong reduction of Brettamonyces yeast growth and, at the same time, a control of ethyl phenols production.
2023
Agarbati, Alice; Ciani, Maurizio; Esin, Semih; Agnolucci, Monica; Marcheggiani, Fabio; Tiano, Luca; Comitini, Francesca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1165707
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