The Breeding Blanket is a necessary component to close the nuclear fusion reactor fuel cycle. amongst the most promising conceptual design, there is the Water Cooled Lithium Lead Breeding Blanket, with water as coolant and eutectic Lithium-Lead as neutron multiplier and breeder. The possible interaction between water and Lithium-Lead poses a main safety concern and prompted the scientific community to develop a numerical analysis tool able to simulate such a complex interaction. The SIMMER-III code was modified by UNIPI to simulate the chemical interaction between water and Lithium-Lead, furthermore also a coupling methodology between SIMMER-III and RELAP5/Mod3.3 was developed. The coupling tool employs SIMMER-III code to simulate the zone of Lithium-Lead interacting with water, whilst the RELAP5 code is used to simulate the water pipelines. The LIFUS5/Mod3 facility at the ENEA Brasimone Research Centre was designed to perform reliable experimental activities on the interaction between water and Lithium-Lead. In this facility water at high pressure is injected inside a reaction vessel, where the thermodynamic and chemical interaction between water and Lithium-Lead occurs. The experimental activities are divided in different tests matrix, the Series D and Series E tests. The two series differ in the amount of water injected during the transient. In series D the mass of water is predetermined whilst in series E water was injected continuously for a pre-fixed interval of time and the total injected mass was estimated a posteriori. This work shows the results of the coupling tool applied to Series E. The comparison between the experimental and numerical results is performed by identifying and characterizing the phenomena involved in the interaction. Furthermore, the overall performance of the coupled codes in the simulation of the phenomena is presented here.

Lithium-Lead/water interaction: LIFUS5/Mod3 series E tests analysed by SIMMER-III coupled with RELAP5

Cossu V.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Galleni F.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Forgione N.
Supervision
;
Paci S.
Supervision
2023-01-01

Abstract

The Breeding Blanket is a necessary component to close the nuclear fusion reactor fuel cycle. amongst the most promising conceptual design, there is the Water Cooled Lithium Lead Breeding Blanket, with water as coolant and eutectic Lithium-Lead as neutron multiplier and breeder. The possible interaction between water and Lithium-Lead poses a main safety concern and prompted the scientific community to develop a numerical analysis tool able to simulate such a complex interaction. The SIMMER-III code was modified by UNIPI to simulate the chemical interaction between water and Lithium-Lead, furthermore also a coupling methodology between SIMMER-III and RELAP5/Mod3.3 was developed. The coupling tool employs SIMMER-III code to simulate the zone of Lithium-Lead interacting with water, whilst the RELAP5 code is used to simulate the water pipelines. The LIFUS5/Mod3 facility at the ENEA Brasimone Research Centre was designed to perform reliable experimental activities on the interaction between water and Lithium-Lead. In this facility water at high pressure is injected inside a reaction vessel, where the thermodynamic and chemical interaction between water and Lithium-Lead occurs. The experimental activities are divided in different tests matrix, the Series D and Series E tests. The two series differ in the amount of water injected during the transient. In series D the mass of water is predetermined whilst in series E water was injected continuously for a pre-fixed interval of time and the total injected mass was estimated a posteriori. This work shows the results of the coupling tool applied to Series E. The comparison between the experimental and numerical results is performed by identifying and characterizing the phenomena involved in the interaction. Furthermore, the overall performance of the coupled codes in the simulation of the phenomena is presented here.
2023
Cossu, V.; Galleni, F.; Eboli, M.; Nevo, A. D.; Forgione, N.; Paci, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1167966
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