Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT) is a cutting-edge technology introduced in recent years as an in-depth analysis of breast cancer diagnostics. Compared with 2D Full-Field Digital Mammography, DBT has demonstrated greater sensitivity and specificity in detecting breast tumors. This work aims to quantitatively evaluate the impact of the systematic introduction of DBT in terms of Biopsy Rate and Positive Predictive Values for the number of biopsies performed (PPV-3). For this purpose, we collected 69,384 mammograms and 7894 biopsies, of which 6484 were Core Biopsies and 1410 were stereotactic Vacuum-assisted Breast Biopsies (VABBs), performed on female patients afferent to the Breast Unit of the Istituto Tumori "Giovanni Paolo II" of Bari from 2012 to 2021, thus, in the period before, during and after the systematic introduction of DBT. Linear regression analysis was then implemented to investigate how the Biopsy Rate had changed over the 10 year screening. The next step was to focus on VABBs, which were generally performed during in-depth examinations of mammogram detected lesions. Finally, three radiologists from the institute's Breast Unit underwent a comparative study to ascertain their performances in terms of breast cancer detection rates before and after the introduction of DBT. As a result, it was demonstrated that both the overall Biopsy Rate and the VABBs Biopsy Rate significantly decreased following the introduction of DBT, with the diagnosis of an equal number of tumors. Besides, no statistically significant differences were observed among the three operators evaluated. In conclusion, this work highlights how the systematic introduction of DBT has significantly impacted the breast cancer diagnostic procedure, by improving the diagnostic quality and thereby reducing needless biopsies, resulting in a consequent reduction in costs.

Impact of the systematic introduction of tomosynthesis on breast biopsies: 10 years of results

Neri, Emanuele;Faggioni, Lorenzo
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT) is a cutting-edge technology introduced in recent years as an in-depth analysis of breast cancer diagnostics. Compared with 2D Full-Field Digital Mammography, DBT has demonstrated greater sensitivity and specificity in detecting breast tumors. This work aims to quantitatively evaluate the impact of the systematic introduction of DBT in terms of Biopsy Rate and Positive Predictive Values for the number of biopsies performed (PPV-3). For this purpose, we collected 69,384 mammograms and 7894 biopsies, of which 6484 were Core Biopsies and 1410 were stereotactic Vacuum-assisted Breast Biopsies (VABBs), performed on female patients afferent to the Breast Unit of the Istituto Tumori "Giovanni Paolo II" of Bari from 2012 to 2021, thus, in the period before, during and after the systematic introduction of DBT. Linear regression analysis was then implemented to investigate how the Biopsy Rate had changed over the 10 year screening. The next step was to focus on VABBs, which were generally performed during in-depth examinations of mammogram detected lesions. Finally, three radiologists from the institute's Breast Unit underwent a comparative study to ascertain their performances in terms of breast cancer detection rates before and after the introduction of DBT. As a result, it was demonstrated that both the overall Biopsy Rate and the VABBs Biopsy Rate significantly decreased following the introduction of DBT, with the diagnosis of an equal number of tumors. Besides, no statistically significant differences were observed among the three operators evaluated. In conclusion, this work highlights how the systematic introduction of DBT has significantly impacted the breast cancer diagnostic procedure, by improving the diagnostic quality and thereby reducing needless biopsies, resulting in a consequent reduction in costs.
2023
La Forgia, Daniele; Signorile, Rahel; Bove, Samantha; Arezzo, Francesca; Cormio, Gennaro; Daniele, Antonella; Dellino, Miriam; Fanizzi, Annarita; Gatta, Gianluca; Lafranceschina, Miria; Massafra, Raffaella; Rizzo, Alessandro; Zito, Francesco Alfredo; Neri, Emanuele; Faggioni, Lorenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1176488
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