Purpose of reviewElectronic nicotine delivery systems such as e-cigarettes are commonly felt to be harmless devices when compared to traditional cigarettes. However, an increasing number of studies support the biological plausibility for the potential detrimental effects of vaping on the respiratory mucosa. To date, few human studies have been carried out on adult vapers showing a reduction in lung function testing, especially in those with asthma, whereas the effects of vaping on children and adolescents have not been elucidated so far.Recent findingsSeveral cross-sectional, national, population-based studies on large groups of adolescents have been carried out showing an association between vape exposure and self-reported asthma diagnosis and/or respiratory symptoms in this age group. The effects of second and third-hand exposure together with those of active and passive exposure in pregnancy, are almost completely unknown.SummaryThis review outlines recent data on the potential effects of vaping on asthma, focusing on vape composition, reported effects on the respiratory mucosa, available data in adolescents, and reasons behind the current vaping epidemic. The evidence so far available both in animals and humans suggests that vaping is not harmless, and its exposure should be limited in children and adolescents, especially when affected by asthma.

How E-cigarettes and vaping can affect asthma in children and adolescents

Di Cicco, Maria;Sepich, Margherita;Beni, Alessandra;Comberiati, Pasquale;Peroni, Diego G
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose of reviewElectronic nicotine delivery systems such as e-cigarettes are commonly felt to be harmless devices when compared to traditional cigarettes. However, an increasing number of studies support the biological plausibility for the potential detrimental effects of vaping on the respiratory mucosa. To date, few human studies have been carried out on adult vapers showing a reduction in lung function testing, especially in those with asthma, whereas the effects of vaping on children and adolescents have not been elucidated so far.Recent findingsSeveral cross-sectional, national, population-based studies on large groups of adolescents have been carried out showing an association between vape exposure and self-reported asthma diagnosis and/or respiratory symptoms in this age group. The effects of second and third-hand exposure together with those of active and passive exposure in pregnancy, are almost completely unknown.SummaryThis review outlines recent data on the potential effects of vaping on asthma, focusing on vape composition, reported effects on the respiratory mucosa, available data in adolescents, and reasons behind the current vaping epidemic. The evidence so far available both in animals and humans suggests that vaping is not harmless, and its exposure should be limited in children and adolescents, especially when affected by asthma.
2022
Di Cicco, Maria; Sepich, Margherita; Beni, Alessandra; Comberiati, Pasquale; Peroni, Diego G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1178590
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