Endothelial senescence has been identified as an early event in the development of endothelial dysfunction, a hallmark of cardiovascular disease. This study developed theranostic nanocarriers (NC) decorated with VCAM-1 antibodies (NC-VCAM-1) in order to target cell surface VCAM-1, which is overexpressed in senescent endothelial cells (ECs) for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Incubation of Ang II-induced premature senescent ECs or replicative senescent ECs with NC-VCAM-1 loaded with lipophilic fluorescent dyes showed higher fluorescence signals than healthy EC, which was dependent on the NC size and VCAM-1 antibodies concentration, and not observed following masking of VCAM-1. NC loaded with omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (NC-EPA:DHA6:1) were more effective than native EPA:DHA 6:1 to prevent Ang II-induced VCAM-1 and p53 upregulation, and SA-beta-galactosidase activity in coronary artery segments. These theranostic NC might be of interest to evaluate the extent and localization of endothelial senescence and to prevent pro-senescent endothelial responses. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Fluorescent nanocarriers targeting {VCAM}-1 for early detection of senescent endothelial cells

Eugenia Belcastro
Co-primo
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Endothelial senescence has been identified as an early event in the development of endothelial dysfunction, a hallmark of cardiovascular disease. This study developed theranostic nanocarriers (NC) decorated with VCAM-1 antibodies (NC-VCAM-1) in order to target cell surface VCAM-1, which is overexpressed in senescent endothelial cells (ECs) for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Incubation of Ang II-induced premature senescent ECs or replicative senescent ECs with NC-VCAM-1 loaded with lipophilic fluorescent dyes showed higher fluorescence signals than healthy EC, which was dependent on the NC size and VCAM-1 antibodies concentration, and not observed following masking of VCAM-1. NC loaded with omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (NC-EPA:DHA6:1) were more effective than native EPA:DHA 6:1 to prevent Ang II-induced VCAM-1 and p53 upregulation, and SA-beta-galactosidase activity in coronary artery segments. These theranostic NC might be of interest to evaluate the extent and localization of endothelial senescence and to prevent pro-senescent endothelial responses. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
2021
Belcastro, Eugenia; Ur Rehman, Asad; Remila, Lamia; Park, Sin-Hee; Seong Gong, Dal; Anton, Nicolas; Auger, Cyril; Lefebvre, Olivier; Goetz, Jacky G.; Collot, Mayeul; Klymchenko, Andrey S.; Vandamme, Thierry F.; Schini-Kerth, Val('(e))rie B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1181808
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