High glucose (HG)-induced endothelial senescence and dysfunction contribute to the increased cardiovascular risk in diabetes. Empagliflozin, a selective sodium glucose co-transporter2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, reduced the risk of cardiovascular mortality in type 2 diabetic patients but the protective mechanism remains unclear. This study examines the role of SGLT2 in HG-induced endothelial senescence and dysfunction. Porcine coronary artery cultured endothelial cells (ECs) or segments were exposed to HG (25 mmol/L) before determination of senescence-associated beta-galactosidase activity, protein level by Western blot and immunofluorescence staining, mRNA by RT-PCR, nitric oxide (NO) by electron paramagnetic resonance, oxidative stress using dihydroethidium and glucose uptake using 2-NBD-glucose. HG increased ECs senescence markers and oxidative stress, down-regulated eNOS expression and NO formation, and induced the expression of VCAM-1, tissue factor, and the local angiotensin system, all these effects were prevented by empagliflozin. Empagliflozin and LX-4211 (dual SGLT1/2 inhibitor) reduced glucose uptake stimulated by HG and H2O2 in ECs. HG increased SGLT1 and 2 protein levels in cultured ECs and native endothelium. Inhibition of the angiotensin system prevented HG-induced ECs senescence and SGLT1 and 2 expression. Thus, HG-induced ECs ageing is driven by the local angiotensin system via the redox-sensitive up-regulation of SGLT1 and 2, and, in turn, enhanced glucotoxicity.

Angiotensin {II}-induced redox-sensitive {SGLT}1 and 2 expression promotes high glucose-induced endothelial cell senescence

Eugenia Belcastro;
2020-01-01

Abstract

High glucose (HG)-induced endothelial senescence and dysfunction contribute to the increased cardiovascular risk in diabetes. Empagliflozin, a selective sodium glucose co-transporter2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, reduced the risk of cardiovascular mortality in type 2 diabetic patients but the protective mechanism remains unclear. This study examines the role of SGLT2 in HG-induced endothelial senescence and dysfunction. Porcine coronary artery cultured endothelial cells (ECs) or segments were exposed to HG (25 mmol/L) before determination of senescence-associated beta-galactosidase activity, protein level by Western blot and immunofluorescence staining, mRNA by RT-PCR, nitric oxide (NO) by electron paramagnetic resonance, oxidative stress using dihydroethidium and glucose uptake using 2-NBD-glucose. HG increased ECs senescence markers and oxidative stress, down-regulated eNOS expression and NO formation, and induced the expression of VCAM-1, tissue factor, and the local angiotensin system, all these effects were prevented by empagliflozin. Empagliflozin and LX-4211 (dual SGLT1/2 inhibitor) reduced glucose uptake stimulated by HG and H2O2 in ECs. HG increased SGLT1 and 2 protein levels in cultured ECs and native endothelium. Inhibition of the angiotensin system prevented HG-induced ECs senescence and SGLT1 and 2 expression. Thus, HG-induced ECs ageing is driven by the local angiotensin system via the redox-sensitive up-regulation of SGLT1 and 2, and, in turn, enhanced glucotoxicity.
2020
Khemais-Benkhiat, Sonia; Belcastro, Eugenia; Idris-Khodja, Noureddine; Park, Sin-Hee; Amoura, Lamia; Abbas, Malak; Auger, Cyril; Kessler, Laurence; Mayoux, Eric; Toti, Florence; Schini-Kerth, Valérie B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1181853
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