(1) Background: Conventional open thoracotomy has been the accepted surgical treatment for resectable non-small cell lung cancer. However, newer, minimally invasive approaches, such as robotic surgery, have demonstrated similar safety and efficacy with potentially superior peri-operative outcomes. The present study aimed to quantitatively assess these outcomes through a meta-analysis. (2) Methods: A systematic review was performed using electronic databases to identify all of the relevant studies that compared robotic surgery with open thoracotomy for non-small cell lung cancer. Pooled data on the peri-operative outcomes were then meta-analyzed. (3) Results: Twenty-two studies involving 12,061 patients who underwent robotic lung resection and 92,411 patients who underwent open thoracotomy were included for analysis. Mortality rates and length of hospital stay were significantly lower in patients who underwent robotic resection. Compared to open thoracotomy, robotic surgery was also associated with significantly lower rates of overall complications, including atrial arrhythmia, post-operative blood transfusions, pneumonia and atelectasis. However, the operative times were significantly longer with robotic lung resection. (4) Conclusions: The present meta-analysis demonstrated superior post-operative morbidity and mortality outcomes with robotic lung resection compared to open thoracotomy for non-small cell lung cancer.

Complications of Robotic Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Compared to Open Thoracotomy for Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Melfi, Franca;
2022-01-01

Abstract

(1) Background: Conventional open thoracotomy has been the accepted surgical treatment for resectable non-small cell lung cancer. However, newer, minimally invasive approaches, such as robotic surgery, have demonstrated similar safety and efficacy with potentially superior peri-operative outcomes. The present study aimed to quantitatively assess these outcomes through a meta-analysis. (2) Methods: A systematic review was performed using electronic databases to identify all of the relevant studies that compared robotic surgery with open thoracotomy for non-small cell lung cancer. Pooled data on the peri-operative outcomes were then meta-analyzed. (3) Results: Twenty-two studies involving 12,061 patients who underwent robotic lung resection and 92,411 patients who underwent open thoracotomy were included for analysis. Mortality rates and length of hospital stay were significantly lower in patients who underwent robotic resection. Compared to open thoracotomy, robotic surgery was also associated with significantly lower rates of overall complications, including atrial arrhythmia, post-operative blood transfusions, pneumonia and atelectasis. However, the operative times were significantly longer with robotic lung resection. (4) Conclusions: The present meta-analysis demonstrated superior post-operative morbidity and mortality outcomes with robotic lung resection compared to open thoracotomy for non-small cell lung cancer.
2022
Zhang, Oscar; Alzul, Robert; Carelli, Matheus; Melfi, Franca; Tian, David; Cao, Christopher
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1182188
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