Background The new immunotherapies have not only changed the oncological therapeutic approach but have also made it necessary to develop new imaging methods for assessing the response to treatment. Delta radiomics consists of the analysis of radiomic features variation between different medical images, usually before and after therapy. Purpose This review aims to evaluate the role of delta radiomics in the immunotherapy response assessment. Methods A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, and Web Of Science using “delta radiomics AND immunotherapy” as search terms. The included articles' methodological quality was measured using the Radiomics Quality Score (RQS) tool. Results Thirteen articles were finally included in the systematic review. Overall, the RQS of the included studies ranged from 4 to 17, with a mean RQS total of 11,15 ± 4,18 with a corresponding percentage of 30.98 ± 11.61 %. Eleven articles out of 13 performed imaging at multiple time points. All the included articles performed feature reduction. No study carried out prospective validation, decision curve analysis, or cost-effectiveness analysis. Conclusions Delta radiomics has been demonstrated useful in evaluating the response in oncologic patients undergoing immunotherapy. The overall quality was found law, due to the lack of prospective design and external validation. Thus, further efforts are needed to bring delta radiomics a step closer to clinical implementation.

Delta-radiomics in cancer immunotherapy response prediction: a systematic review

Fanni, Salvatore Claudio;Bandini, Claudio;Francischello, Roberto;Febi, Maria;Aghakhanyan, Gayane;Ambrosini, Ilaria;Faggioni, Lorenzo;Cioni, Dania;Lencioni, Riccardo Antonio;Neri, Emanuele
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background The new immunotherapies have not only changed the oncological therapeutic approach but have also made it necessary to develop new imaging methods for assessing the response to treatment. Delta radiomics consists of the analysis of radiomic features variation between different medical images, usually before and after therapy. Purpose This review aims to evaluate the role of delta radiomics in the immunotherapy response assessment. Methods A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, and Web Of Science using “delta radiomics AND immunotherapy” as search terms. The included articles' methodological quality was measured using the Radiomics Quality Score (RQS) tool. Results Thirteen articles were finally included in the systematic review. Overall, the RQS of the included studies ranged from 4 to 17, with a mean RQS total of 11,15 ± 4,18 with a corresponding percentage of 30.98 ± 11.61 %. Eleven articles out of 13 performed imaging at multiple time points. All the included articles performed feature reduction. No study carried out prospective validation, decision curve analysis, or cost-effectiveness analysis. Conclusions Delta radiomics has been demonstrated useful in evaluating the response in oncologic patients undergoing immunotherapy. The overall quality was found law, due to the lack of prospective design and external validation. Thus, further efforts are needed to bring delta radiomics a step closer to clinical implementation.
2023
Abbas, Engy; Fanni, Salvatore Claudio; Bandini, Claudio; Francischello, Roberto; Febi, Maria; Aghakhanyan, Gayane; Ambrosini, Ilaria; Faggioni, Lorenzo; Cioni, Dania; Lencioni, Riccardo Antonio; Neri, Emanuele
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1195027
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