INTRODUCTION:The Lyon Consensus designates Los Angeles (LA) grade C/D esophagitis or acid exposure time (AET) >6% on impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH) as conclusive for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We aimed to evaluate proportions with objective GERD among symptomatic patients with LA grade A, B, and C esophagitis on endoscopy.METHODS:Demographics, clinical data, endoscopy findings, and objective proton-pump inhibitor response were collected from symptomatic prospectively enrolled patients from 2 referral centers. Off-therapy MII-pH parameters included AET, number of reflux episodes, mean nocturnal baseline impedance, and postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index. Objective GERD evidence was compared between LA grades.RESULTS:Of 155 patients (LA grade A: 74 patients, B: 61 patients, and C: 20 patients), demographics and presentation were similar across LA grades. AET >6% was seen in 1.4%, 52.5%, and 75%, respectively, in LA grades A, B, and C. Using additional MII-pH metrics, an additional 16.2% with LA grade A and 47.5% with LA grade B esophagitis had AET 4%-6% with low mean nocturnal baseline impedance and postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index; there were no additional gains using the number of reflux episodes or symptom-reflux association metrics. Compared with LA grade C (100% conclusive GERD based on endoscopic findings), 100% of LA grade B esophagitis also had objective GERD but only 17.6% with LA grade A esophagitis (P < 0.001 compared with each). Proton-pump inhibitor response was comparable between LA grades B and C (74% and 70%, respectively) but low in LA grade A (39%, P < 0.001).DISCUSSION:Grade B esophagitis indicates an objective diagnosis of GERD.

Ambulatory pH-Impedance Findings Confirm That Grade B Esophagitis Provides Objective Diagnosis of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Visaggi P.
Primo
;
Del Corso G.;Baiano Svizzero F.;Stefani Donati D.;Venturini A.;Savarino V.;Bellini M.;De Bortoli N.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:The Lyon Consensus designates Los Angeles (LA) grade C/D esophagitis or acid exposure time (AET) >6% on impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH) as conclusive for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We aimed to evaluate proportions with objective GERD among symptomatic patients with LA grade A, B, and C esophagitis on endoscopy.METHODS:Demographics, clinical data, endoscopy findings, and objective proton-pump inhibitor response were collected from symptomatic prospectively enrolled patients from 2 referral centers. Off-therapy MII-pH parameters included AET, number of reflux episodes, mean nocturnal baseline impedance, and postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index. Objective GERD evidence was compared between LA grades.RESULTS:Of 155 patients (LA grade A: 74 patients, B: 61 patients, and C: 20 patients), demographics and presentation were similar across LA grades. AET >6% was seen in 1.4%, 52.5%, and 75%, respectively, in LA grades A, B, and C. Using additional MII-pH metrics, an additional 16.2% with LA grade A and 47.5% with LA grade B esophagitis had AET 4%-6% with low mean nocturnal baseline impedance and postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index; there were no additional gains using the number of reflux episodes or symptom-reflux association metrics. Compared with LA grade C (100% conclusive GERD based on endoscopic findings), 100% of LA grade B esophagitis also had objective GERD but only 17.6% with LA grade A esophagitis (P < 0.001 compared with each). Proton-pump inhibitor response was comparable between LA grades B and C (74% and 70%, respectively) but low in LA grade A (39%, P < 0.001).DISCUSSION:Grade B esophagitis indicates an objective diagnosis of GERD.
2023
Visaggi, P.; Del Corso, G.; Gyawali, C. P.; Ghisa, M.; Baiano Svizzero, F.; Stefani Donati, D.; Venturini, A.; Savarino, V.; Penagini, R.; Zeki, S.; Bellini, M.; Savarino, E. V.; De Bortoli, N.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1195528
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 11
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact