Conventional high-grade osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary cancer of bone and it typically affects the extremities of adolescents. OS has a complex karyotype, and molecular mechanisms related to carcinogenesis, progression and resistance to therapy are still largely unknown. For this reason, the current standard of care is associated with considerable adverse effects. In this study, our aim was to identify gene alterations in OS patients using whole exome sequencing (WES) to find new potential prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets. We performed WES on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) biopsy materials collected from 19 patients affected by conventional high-grade OS. The clinical and genetic data were analyzed according to response to therapy, presence of metastasis and disease status. By comparing good and poor responders to neoadjuvant therapy, we detected a clear prevalence of mutations in the ARID1A, CREBBP, BRCA2 and RAD50 genes in poor responders that negatively influence the progression-free survival time. Moreover, higher tumor mutational burden values correlated with worse prognosis. The identification of mutations in ARID1A, CREBBP, BRCA2 and RAD50 may support the use of a more specific therapy for tumors harboring these alterations. In particular, BRCA2 and RAD50 are involved in homologous recombination repair, and could thus be used as specific therapy targets of inhibitors of the enzyme Poly ADP Ribose Polymerase (PARP). Finally, tumor mutational burden is found to be a potential prognostic marker for OS.

Identification of New Potential Prognostic and Predictive Markers in High-Grade Osteosarcoma Using Whole Exome Sequencing

Franchi, Alessandro
2023-01-01

Abstract

Conventional high-grade osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary cancer of bone and it typically affects the extremities of adolescents. OS has a complex karyotype, and molecular mechanisms related to carcinogenesis, progression and resistance to therapy are still largely unknown. For this reason, the current standard of care is associated with considerable adverse effects. In this study, our aim was to identify gene alterations in OS patients using whole exome sequencing (WES) to find new potential prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets. We performed WES on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) biopsy materials collected from 19 patients affected by conventional high-grade OS. The clinical and genetic data were analyzed according to response to therapy, presence of metastasis and disease status. By comparing good and poor responders to neoadjuvant therapy, we detected a clear prevalence of mutations in the ARID1A, CREBBP, BRCA2 and RAD50 genes in poor responders that negatively influence the progression-free survival time. Moreover, higher tumor mutational burden values correlated with worse prognosis. The identification of mutations in ARID1A, CREBBP, BRCA2 and RAD50 may support the use of a more specific therapy for tumors harboring these alterations. In particular, BRCA2 and RAD50 are involved in homologous recombination repair, and could thus be used as specific therapy targets of inhibitors of the enzyme Poly ADP Ribose Polymerase (PARP). Finally, tumor mutational burden is found to be a potential prognostic marker for OS.
2023
Gaeta, Raffaele; Morelli, Mariangela; Lessi, Francesca; Mazzanti, Chiara Maria; Menicagli, Michele; Capanna, Rodolfo; Andreani, Lorenzo; Coccoli, Luca; Aretini, Paolo; Franchi, Alessandro
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Identification of New Potential Prognostic and Predictive Markers in High-Grade Osteosarcoma Using Whole Exome Sequencing.pdf

accesso aperto

Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 3.93 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.93 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1195588
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact