Anthropic exploitation of soil, forests, and water bodies contributes to the modification of river flow regimes and sediment transport dynamics, thus affecting fish habitats and water quality. In the last decades, the increasing awareness of the consequences of such modifications on natural contexts has stimulated researchers and practitioners to provide more innovative solutions aiming at enhancing river biodiversity. Recently developed eco-friendly approaches for river restoration evidenced the necessity of more careful planning and management of natural resources, including the maintenance and enhancement of fish species' habitats. The present study aims at assessing the interaction of different types of wood- and rock-made instream structures with river flow regimes and habitat requirements of many freshwater fish species, accounting for the influence of downstream scour potholes to facilitate fish species migration and spawning. Experimental tests showed that instream structures cause deep scour holes characterized by low flow velocity zones, thus decreasing the required fish swimming power and potentially providing suitable conditions for the migration of freshwater fish species. Using dimensional analysis, empirical relationships were derived to optimize the longitudinal distance between subsequent instream structures, accounting for the effects of various structure geometries and fish biological characteristics. Nevertheless, further investigation is needed to validate the proposed relationships at prototype scale. This study ultimately contributes at providing tools to design river instream structures favorable to fish migration.

Analysis of fish migration in correspondence with wood and rock-made instream structures

Palermo M.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Anthropic exploitation of soil, forests, and water bodies contributes to the modification of river flow regimes and sediment transport dynamics, thus affecting fish habitats and water quality. In the last decades, the increasing awareness of the consequences of such modifications on natural contexts has stimulated researchers and practitioners to provide more innovative solutions aiming at enhancing river biodiversity. Recently developed eco-friendly approaches for river restoration evidenced the necessity of more careful planning and management of natural resources, including the maintenance and enhancement of fish species' habitats. The present study aims at assessing the interaction of different types of wood- and rock-made instream structures with river flow regimes and habitat requirements of many freshwater fish species, accounting for the influence of downstream scour potholes to facilitate fish species migration and spawning. Experimental tests showed that instream structures cause deep scour holes characterized by low flow velocity zones, thus decreasing the required fish swimming power and potentially providing suitable conditions for the migration of freshwater fish species. Using dimensional analysis, empirical relationships were derived to optimize the longitudinal distance between subsequent instream structures, accounting for the effects of various structure geometries and fish biological characteristics. Nevertheless, further investigation is needed to validate the proposed relationships at prototype scale. This study ultimately contributes at providing tools to design river instream structures favorable to fish migration.
2023
Kurdistani, S. M.; Pagliara, S.; Palermo, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1197127
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