Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is often implemented in kidney stone patients. It consists of preparations including different ingredients, such as herbs, probiotics, and vitamins, often together with alkali, that are classified within the dietary supplementation category. The majority of dietary supplements claiming to treat or prevent kidney stones contain ingredients with conflicting or no scientific evidence to support their claims. Clinicians should advise stone formers that the effects of most supplements are unknown or unstudied in humans and that the absence of evidence does not imply absence of potential harm. Unfortunately, the CAM preparation consists of a mix of different molecules, often including alkali, with different potential mechanisms of action and, even when favorable results are reported, the role of the single molecules cannot be assessed. Despite all these concerns, CAM products remain quite popular among kidney stone patients. The scarce knowledge in this field prevents one from recommending CAM products in daily clinical practice; only a weak suggestion for their use in kidney stone patients may be reasonable.

Kidney Stone Prevention: Is There a Role for Complementary and Alternative Medicine?

Cupisti, Adamasco
;
Giannese, Domenico;D'Alessandro, Claudia;Benedetti, Alessia;Panichi, Vincenzo;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is often implemented in kidney stone patients. It consists of preparations including different ingredients, such as herbs, probiotics, and vitamins, often together with alkali, that are classified within the dietary supplementation category. The majority of dietary supplements claiming to treat or prevent kidney stones contain ingredients with conflicting or no scientific evidence to support their claims. Clinicians should advise stone formers that the effects of most supplements are unknown or unstudied in humans and that the absence of evidence does not imply absence of potential harm. Unfortunately, the CAM preparation consists of a mix of different molecules, often including alkali, with different potential mechanisms of action and, even when favorable results are reported, the role of the single molecules cannot be assessed. Despite all these concerns, CAM products remain quite popular among kidney stone patients. The scarce knowledge in this field prevents one from recommending CAM products in daily clinical practice; only a weak suggestion for their use in kidney stone patients may be reasonable.
2023
Cupisti, Adamasco; Giannese, Domenico; D'Alessandro, Claudia; Benedetti, Alessia; Panichi, Vincenzo; Alfieri, Carlo; Castellano, Giuseppe; Messa, Piergiorgio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1201048
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