Background: Several models and scores have been released to predict early mortality in patients undergoing surgery for a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). These scores included above all preoperative factors and they could be useful to deny surgical repair. The aim of the study was to evaluate intraoperative predictors of in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing open surgical repair (OSR) for a rAAA. Methods: Between January 2007 and December 2020, 265 patients were admitted at our tertiary referral hospital for a rAAA. Two-hundred-twenty-two patients underwent OSR. Intra-operative factors were analyzed by means of univariate analysis (step 1). Associations of procedure variables with in-hospital mortality rates were sought based on a multivariate Cox regression analysis (step 2). Results: Overall, in-hospital mortality rate was 28.8% (64 cases). Multivariate Cox regression analysis reported that operation time >240 minutes (P=0.032, OR 2.155, CI 95% 1.068-4.349), and hemoperitoneum (P<0.001, OR 3.582, CI 95% 1.749-7.335) were negative predictive factors for in-hospital mortality. Patency of at least one hypogastric artery (P=0.010; OR 0.128, CI 95% 0.271-0.609), and infrarenal clamping (P=0.001; OR 0.157, CI 95% 0.052-0.483) had a protective role in reducing in-hospital mortality rate. Conclusions: Operation time >240 minutes, and hemoperitoneum affected in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing OSR for rAAA. Patency of at least one hypogastric artery, and infrarenal clamping had a protective role. Further studies are needed to validate these outcomes. A validated predictive model could be useful to help the physicians in communication with patients' relatives. (Cite this article as: Troisi N, Bertagna G, Saratzis A, Guadagni S, Minichilli F, Adami D, et al. Intraopera-tive predictors of in-hospital mortality after open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. Int Angiol 2023;42:310-7. DOI: 10.23736/S0392-9590.23.04941-6)

Intraoperative predictors of in-hospital mortality after open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms

Troisi, Nicola
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Bertagna, Giulia
Secondo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Guadagni, Simone;Minichilli, Fabrizio;Ferrari, Mauro;Berchiolli, Raffaella
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Several models and scores have been released to predict early mortality in patients undergoing surgery for a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). These scores included above all preoperative factors and they could be useful to deny surgical repair. The aim of the study was to evaluate intraoperative predictors of in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing open surgical repair (OSR) for a rAAA. Methods: Between January 2007 and December 2020, 265 patients were admitted at our tertiary referral hospital for a rAAA. Two-hundred-twenty-two patients underwent OSR. Intra-operative factors were analyzed by means of univariate analysis (step 1). Associations of procedure variables with in-hospital mortality rates were sought based on a multivariate Cox regression analysis (step 2). Results: Overall, in-hospital mortality rate was 28.8% (64 cases). Multivariate Cox regression analysis reported that operation time >240 minutes (P=0.032, OR 2.155, CI 95% 1.068-4.349), and hemoperitoneum (P<0.001, OR 3.582, CI 95% 1.749-7.335) were negative predictive factors for in-hospital mortality. Patency of at least one hypogastric artery (P=0.010; OR 0.128, CI 95% 0.271-0.609), and infrarenal clamping (P=0.001; OR 0.157, CI 95% 0.052-0.483) had a protective role in reducing in-hospital mortality rate. Conclusions: Operation time >240 minutes, and hemoperitoneum affected in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing OSR for rAAA. Patency of at least one hypogastric artery, and infrarenal clamping had a protective role. Further studies are needed to validate these outcomes. A validated predictive model could be useful to help the physicians in communication with patients' relatives. (Cite this article as: Troisi N, Bertagna G, Saratzis A, Guadagni S, Minichilli F, Adami D, et al. Intraopera-tive predictors of in-hospital mortality after open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. Int Angiol 2023;42:310-7. DOI: 10.23736/S0392-9590.23.04941-6)
2023
Troisi, Nicola; Bertagna, Giulia; Saratzis, Athanasios; Guadagni, Simone; Minichilli, Fabrizio; Adami, Daniele; Ferrari, Mauro; Berchiolli, Raffaella
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1204991
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