Background: In recent years, transperineal biopsies gained popularity for prostate cancer diagnosis; lower infective complications and improved sampling of the prostate are the main advantages of this technique. One question that remains unclear is whether an initial transperineal biopsy confers a lower risk for rebiopsy compared with the transrectal approach. Methods: Six hundred seventy-one men were prospectively followed after an initial negative prostate biopsy for a median period of 49.50 (IQR: 37.62–61.17) months. Rebiopsy rate was analyzed attending to first biopsy approach (transrectal versus transperineal systematic) and clinical variables. Results: Diagnostic rate was similar for transrectal and transperineal systematic biopsies. Targeted biopsies outperformed any systematic approach, and transperineal targeted in particular was superior to transrectal targeted. Rebiopsy rates were 15.4% and 5.26% for the transrectal and transperineal systematic groups, respectively. Prostate-specific antigen density and type of first biopsy were identified as rebiopsy predictors. Conclusion: Men undergoing transperineal systematic biopsies had a three times lower rate of rebiopsy over the study period compared with the traditional transrectal approach. This advantage could be added to the already described potential benefits of transperineal biopsies. Targeted biopsies had lower rebiopsy rate over the study period. Further innovations that decreased the cost of transperineal biopsies could favor this approach in the future.

Rebiopsy rate after transperineal or transrectal prostate biopsy

Claps F.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: In recent years, transperineal biopsies gained popularity for prostate cancer diagnosis; lower infective complications and improved sampling of the prostate are the main advantages of this technique. One question that remains unclear is whether an initial transperineal biopsy confers a lower risk for rebiopsy compared with the transrectal approach. Methods: Six hundred seventy-one men were prospectively followed after an initial negative prostate biopsy for a median period of 49.50 (IQR: 37.62–61.17) months. Rebiopsy rate was analyzed attending to first biopsy approach (transrectal versus transperineal systematic) and clinical variables. Results: Diagnostic rate was similar for transrectal and transperineal systematic biopsies. Targeted biopsies outperformed any systematic approach, and transperineal targeted in particular was superior to transrectal targeted. Rebiopsy rates were 15.4% and 5.26% for the transrectal and transperineal systematic groups, respectively. Prostate-specific antigen density and type of first biopsy were identified as rebiopsy predictors. Conclusion: Men undergoing transperineal systematic biopsies had a three times lower rate of rebiopsy over the study period compared with the traditional transrectal approach. This advantage could be added to the already described potential benefits of transperineal biopsies. Targeted biopsies had lower rebiopsy rate over the study period. Further innovations that decreased the cost of transperineal biopsies could favor this approach in the future.
2021
Marenco Jimenez, J. L.; Claps, F.; Ramon-Borja, J. C.; Mascaros Martinez, J. M.; Gutierrez, A. W.; Lozano, A. G. F.; Ramirez-Backhaus, M.; Dominguez Escrig, J. L.; Serra, A. C.; Rubio-Briones, J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1206891
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