Objectives To study the safety and efficacy of a personalised indocyanine-guided pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) against extended PLND (ePLND) during radical prostatectomy (RP).Patients and Methods Patients who were candidates for RP and lymphadenectomy, with intermediate- or high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines, were enrolled in this randomised clinical trial. Randomisation was made 1:1 to indocyanine green (ICG)-PLND (only ICG-stained LNs) or ePLND (obturator fossa, external, internal, and common iliac and presacral LNs). The primary endpoint was the complication rate within 3 months after RP. Secondary endpoints included: rate of major complications (Clavien-Dindo Grade III-IV), time to drainage removal, length of stay, percentage of patients classified as pN1, number of LNs removed, number of metastatic LNs, rate of patients with undetectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA), biochemical recurrence (BCR)-free survival, and rate of patients with androgen-deprivation therapy at 24 months.Results A total of 108 patients were included with a median follow-up of 16 months. In all, 54 were randomised to ICG-PLND and 54 to ePLND. The postoperative complication rate was higher in the ePLND (70%) vs the ICG-PLND group (32%) (P < 0.001). Differences between major complications in both groups were not statically significant (P = 0.7). The pN1 detection rate was higher in the ICG-PLND group (28%) vs the ePLND group (22%); however, this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.7). The rate of undetectable PSA at 12 months was 83% in the ICG-PLND vs 76% in the ePLND group, which was not statistically significant. Additionally, there were no statistically significant differences in BCR-free survival between groups at the end of the analysis.Conclusions Personalised ICG-guided PLND is a promising technique to stage patients with intermediate- and high-risk PCa properly. It has shown a lower complication rate than ePLND with similar oncological outcomes at short-term follow-up.

Personalised indocyanine-guided lymphadenectomy for prostate cancer: a randomised clinical trial

Claps, Francesco;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objectives To study the safety and efficacy of a personalised indocyanine-guided pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) against extended PLND (ePLND) during radical prostatectomy (RP).Patients and Methods Patients who were candidates for RP and lymphadenectomy, with intermediate- or high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines, were enrolled in this randomised clinical trial. Randomisation was made 1:1 to indocyanine green (ICG)-PLND (only ICG-stained LNs) or ePLND (obturator fossa, external, internal, and common iliac and presacral LNs). The primary endpoint was the complication rate within 3 months after RP. Secondary endpoints included: rate of major complications (Clavien-Dindo Grade III-IV), time to drainage removal, length of stay, percentage of patients classified as pN1, number of LNs removed, number of metastatic LNs, rate of patients with undetectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA), biochemical recurrence (BCR)-free survival, and rate of patients with androgen-deprivation therapy at 24 months.Results A total of 108 patients were included with a median follow-up of 16 months. In all, 54 were randomised to ICG-PLND and 54 to ePLND. The postoperative complication rate was higher in the ePLND (70%) vs the ICG-PLND group (32%) (P < 0.001). Differences between major complications in both groups were not statically significant (P = 0.7). The pN1 detection rate was higher in the ICG-PLND group (28%) vs the ePLND group (22%); however, this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.7). The rate of undetectable PSA at 12 months was 83% in the ICG-PLND vs 76% in the ePLND group, which was not statistically significant. Additionally, there were no statistically significant differences in BCR-free survival between groups at the end of the analysis.Conclusions Personalised ICG-guided PLND is a promising technique to stage patients with intermediate- and high-risk PCa properly. It has shown a lower complication rate than ePLND with similar oncological outcomes at short-term follow-up.
2023
de Pablos-Rodríguez, Pedro; Claps, Francesco; Rebez, Giacomo; Vidal Crespo, Natalia; Gómez-Ferrer, Álvaro; Mascarós, Juan Manuel; Collado Serra, Argimiro; Caltrava Fons, Ana; Rubio-Briones, José; Casanova Ramon Borja, Juan; Ramírez Backhaus, Miguel
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1207659
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