We investigate the structure and dynamics of a zinc oxide nanocarrier loaded with Carfilzomib, an epoxyketone proteasome inhibitor developed for treating multiple myeloma. We demonstrate that, even though both bare and functionalized zinc oxide supports have been used for drug delivery, their interactions with the reactive functional groups of the ligands could be detrimental. This is because pharmacophores like α′,β′-epoxyketones should preserve the groups required for the drug activity and be capable of leaving the vehicle at the target site. Earlier studies showed that even when ZnO is functionalized with oleic acid surfactants, the drug could reach parts of the surface and remain stably adsorbed. Herein, we have used reactive molecular dynamics simulations and quantum chemistry calculations to explore the potential interactions of the Carfilzomib functional groups with the typical surfaces of ZnO supports. We have found that Carfilzomib can adsorb on the (0001)Zn-terminated polar surface through the carbonyl oxygens and the epoxyketone moiety. These strong connections could prevent the drug release and induce the epoxy ring opening with its consequential inactivation. Therefore, regulating the dosage to maintain the desired level of drug bioavailability is paramount. These findings emphasize the need for appropriate carrier functionalizations to efficiently entrap, transport, and release the cargo at the target sites and the crucial role played by predictive/descriptive computational techniques to complement and drive experiments to the most appropriate selections of the materials to optimize drug delivery.

Stability and potential degradation of the α′,β′-epoxyketone pharmacophore on ZnO nanocarriers: insights from reactive molecular dynamics and density functional theory calculations

Trouki C.
Primo
;
Monti S.;Barcaro G.
2023-01-01

Abstract

We investigate the structure and dynamics of a zinc oxide nanocarrier loaded with Carfilzomib, an epoxyketone proteasome inhibitor developed for treating multiple myeloma. We demonstrate that, even though both bare and functionalized zinc oxide supports have been used for drug delivery, their interactions with the reactive functional groups of the ligands could be detrimental. This is because pharmacophores like α′,β′-epoxyketones should preserve the groups required for the drug activity and be capable of leaving the vehicle at the target site. Earlier studies showed that even when ZnO is functionalized with oleic acid surfactants, the drug could reach parts of the surface and remain stably adsorbed. Herein, we have used reactive molecular dynamics simulations and quantum chemistry calculations to explore the potential interactions of the Carfilzomib functional groups with the typical surfaces of ZnO supports. We have found that Carfilzomib can adsorb on the (0001)Zn-terminated polar surface through the carbonyl oxygens and the epoxyketone moiety. These strong connections could prevent the drug release and induce the epoxy ring opening with its consequential inactivation. Therefore, regulating the dosage to maintain the desired level of drug bioavailability is paramount. These findings emphasize the need for appropriate carrier functionalizations to efficiently entrap, transport, and release the cargo at the target sites and the crucial role played by predictive/descriptive computational techniques to complement and drive experiments to the most appropriate selections of the materials to optimize drug delivery.
2023
Trouki, C.; Monti, S.; Barcaro, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1209091
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