The antenna complexes of Photosystem I present low-lying states visible as red-shifted and broadened absorption and fluorescence bands. Among these, Lhca4 has the most evident features of these “red” states, with a fluorescence band shifted by more than 25 nm from typical LHC emission. This signal arises from a mixing of exciton and charge-transfer (CT) states within the excitonically coupled a603-a609 chlorophyll (Chl) dimer. Here we combine molecular dynamics, multiscale quantum chemical calculations, and spectral simulations to uncover the molecular mechanism for the formation and tuning of exciton-CT interactions in Lhca4. We show that the coupling between exciton and CT states is extremely sensitive to tiny variations in the Chl dimer arrangement, explaining both the red-shifted bands and the switch between conformations with blue and red emission observed in single-molecule spectroscopy. Finally, we show that mutating the axial ligand of a603 diminishes the exciton-CT coupling, removing any red-state fingerprint.

Origin of Low-Lying Red States in the Lhca4 Light-Harvesting Complex of Photosystem I

Slama V.
Primo
;
Cupellini L.
;
Mennucci B.
2023-01-01

Abstract

The antenna complexes of Photosystem I present low-lying states visible as red-shifted and broadened absorption and fluorescence bands. Among these, Lhca4 has the most evident features of these “red” states, with a fluorescence band shifted by more than 25 nm from typical LHC emission. This signal arises from a mixing of exciton and charge-transfer (CT) states within the excitonically coupled a603-a609 chlorophyll (Chl) dimer. Here we combine molecular dynamics, multiscale quantum chemical calculations, and spectral simulations to uncover the molecular mechanism for the formation and tuning of exciton-CT interactions in Lhca4. We show that the coupling between exciton and CT states is extremely sensitive to tiny variations in the Chl dimer arrangement, explaining both the red-shifted bands and the switch between conformations with blue and red emission observed in single-molecule spectroscopy. Finally, we show that mutating the axial ligand of a603 diminishes the exciton-CT coupling, removing any red-state fingerprint.
2023
Slama, V.; Cupellini, L.; Mascoli, V.; Liguori, N.; Croce, R.; Mennucci, B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1211988
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