.We report the synthesis and the assessment of the anticancerpotentialof two series of diruthenium biscyclopentadienyl carbonyl complexes.Novel dimetallacyclopentenone compounds (2-4) were obtained (45-92% yields) from the thermal reaction(PhCCPh exchange) of [Ru2Cp2(CO)(& mu;-CO){& mu;-& eta;(1):& eta;(3)-C(Ph)C(Ph)C(O)}], 1, with alkynes HCCR [R = C5H4FeCp (Fc),3-C6H4(Asp), 2-naphthyl; Cp = & eta;(5)-C5H5, Asp = OC(O)-2-C6H4C(O)Me]. Protonation of 1-3 by HBF4 afforded the corresponding & mu;-alkenyl derivatives 5-7, in 40-86% yields. All productswere characterized by IR and NMR spectroscopy; moreover, cyclic voltammetry(1, 2, 5, 7) andsingle-crystal X-ray diffraction (5, 7)analyses were performed on representative compounds. Complexes 5-7 revealed a cytotoxic activity comparableto that of cisplatin in A549 (lung adenocarcinoma), SW480 (colon adenocarcinoma),and ovarian (A2780) cancer cell lines, and 2, 5, 6, and 7 overcame cisplatin resistancein A2780cis cells. Complexes 2, 5, and 7 (but not the aspirin derivative 6) inducedan increase in intracellular ROS levels. Otherwise, 6 strongly stabilizes and elongates natural DNA (from calf thymus,CT-DNA), suggesting a possible intercalation binding mode, whereas 5 is less effective in binding CT-DNA, and 7 isineffective. This trend is reversed concerning RNA, and in particular, 7 is able to bind poly(rA)poly(rU) showing selectivity forthis nucleic acid. Complexes 5-7 caninteract with the albumin protein with a thermodynamic signature dominatedby hydrophobic interactions. Overall, we show that organometallicspecies based on the Ru2Cp2(CO)( x ) scaffold (x = 2, 3) are activeagainst cancer cells, with different incorporated fragments influencingthe interactions with nucleic acids and the production of ROS.

Adding Diversity to a Diruthenium Biscyclopentadienyl Scaffold via Alkyne Incorporation: Synthesis and Biological Studies

Bresciani, Giulio
Primo
;
Funaioli, Tiziana;Pampaloni, Guido;Biver, Tarita
;
Marchetti, Fabio
2023-01-01

Abstract

.We report the synthesis and the assessment of the anticancerpotentialof two series of diruthenium biscyclopentadienyl carbonyl complexes.Novel dimetallacyclopentenone compounds (2-4) were obtained (45-92% yields) from the thermal reaction(PhCCPh exchange) of [Ru2Cp2(CO)(& mu;-CO){& mu;-& eta;(1):& eta;(3)-C(Ph)C(Ph)C(O)}], 1, with alkynes HCCR [R = C5H4FeCp (Fc),3-C6H4(Asp), 2-naphthyl; Cp = & eta;(5)-C5H5, Asp = OC(O)-2-C6H4C(O)Me]. Protonation of 1-3 by HBF4 afforded the corresponding & mu;-alkenyl derivatives 5-7, in 40-86% yields. All productswere characterized by IR and NMR spectroscopy; moreover, cyclic voltammetry(1, 2, 5, 7) andsingle-crystal X-ray diffraction (5, 7)analyses were performed on representative compounds. Complexes 5-7 revealed a cytotoxic activity comparableto that of cisplatin in A549 (lung adenocarcinoma), SW480 (colon adenocarcinoma),and ovarian (A2780) cancer cell lines, and 2, 5, 6, and 7 overcame cisplatin resistancein A2780cis cells. Complexes 2, 5, and 7 (but not the aspirin derivative 6) inducedan increase in intracellular ROS levels. Otherwise, 6 strongly stabilizes and elongates natural DNA (from calf thymus,CT-DNA), suggesting a possible intercalation binding mode, whereas 5 is less effective in binding CT-DNA, and 7 isineffective. This trend is reversed concerning RNA, and in particular, 7 is able to bind poly(rA)poly(rU) showing selectivity forthis nucleic acid. Complexes 5-7 caninteract with the albumin protein with a thermodynamic signature dominatedby hydrophobic interactions. Overall, we show that organometallicspecies based on the Ru2Cp2(CO)( x ) scaffold (x = 2, 3) are activeagainst cancer cells, with different incorporated fragments influencingthe interactions with nucleic acids and the production of ROS.
2023
Bresciani, Giulio; Boni, Serena; Funaioli, Tiziana; Zacchini, Stefano; Pampaloni, Guido; Busto, Natalia; Biver, Tarita; Marchetti, Fabio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1213287
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