Today, one of the world's critical environmental issues is air pollution, which is the most important parameter threatening human health and the environment. Synthetic polymers are widely used in industrial air filter production; however, they are incompatible with the environment due to their secondary pollution. Using renewable materials to manufacture air filters is not only environmentally friendly but also essential. Recently, a new generation of biopolymers called cellulose nanofiber (CNF)-based hydrogels have been proposed, with three dimensional (3D) nanofiber networks and unique physical and mechanical properties. CNFs have become a hot research topic for application as air filter materials because they can compete with synthetic nanofibers due to their advantages, such as abundant, renewable, nontoxic, high specific surface area, high reactivity, flexibility, low cost, low density, and network structure formation. The main focus of the current review is the recent progress in the preparation and employment of nanocellulose materials, especially CNF-based hydrogels, to absorb PM and CO2. This study summarizes the preparation methods, modification strategies, fabrications, and further applications of CNF-based aerogels as air filters. Lastly, challenges in the fabrication of CNFs, and trends for future developments are presented.

Recent developments in nanocellulose-based aerogels as air filters: A review

Azimi, Bahareh
Penultimo
;
Danti, Serena
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Today, one of the world's critical environmental issues is air pollution, which is the most important parameter threatening human health and the environment. Synthetic polymers are widely used in industrial air filter production; however, they are incompatible with the environment due to their secondary pollution. Using renewable materials to manufacture air filters is not only environmentally friendly but also essential. Recently, a new generation of biopolymers called cellulose nanofiber (CNF)-based hydrogels have been proposed, with three dimensional (3D) nanofiber networks and unique physical and mechanical properties. CNFs have become a hot research topic for application as air filter materials because they can compete with synthetic nanofibers due to their advantages, such as abundant, renewable, nontoxic, high specific surface area, high reactivity, flexibility, low cost, low density, and network structure formation. The main focus of the current review is the recent progress in the preparation and employment of nanocellulose materials, especially CNF-based hydrogels, to absorb PM and CO2. This study summarizes the preparation methods, modification strategies, fabrications, and further applications of CNF-based aerogels as air filters. Lastly, challenges in the fabrication of CNFs, and trends for future developments are presented.
2023
Sepahvand, Sima; Kargarzadeh, Hanieh; Jonoobi, Mehdi; Ashori, Alireza; Ismaeilimoghadam, Saeed; Varghese, Rini Thresia; Chirayl, Cintil Jose; Azimi, Bahareh; Danti, Serena
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1215578
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