Purpose: Surgery plays a key role in the treatment of thyroid cancer (TC) patients. Locally advanced cases, however, can require an extensive surgical approach with technical issues and a high risk of complications. In these cases, a multidisciplinary evaluation should be carried out to evaluate pros and cons. The aim of this study was to share our experience, as a multidisciplinary team, in the management of patients with locally advanced TC with a particularly extensive local disease, whose surgical approach could be challenging and part of a multimodal treatment. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated clinical, surgical, and oncologic features of all patients with locally advanced TC who had undergone multidisciplinary surgery from January 2019 to June 2020. Results: Six patients (two cases each of poorly differentiated, papillary, and medullary TC) were included. Four out of six were suffering from symptoms related to the advanced disease. At pre-surgical evaluation, a multidisciplinary team proposed extended surgery with radical intent via cervicotomy and sternotomy, considering other therapies not feasible or probably ineffective without it. No one passed away in intra- or perioperative time. At the end of follow-up (median 2.6 years), all patients presented a remission of symptoms due to the advanced disease, four patients were submitted to adjuvant therapies and only one patient died for a cause unrelated to the disease. Conclusion: This series of very advanced TCs shows the effectiveness of a surgery performed by a multidisciplinary team in controlling symptoms, allowing adjuvant therapies, and improving the survival of patients whose cases would otherwise be very difficult to manage.

Management of patients with extensive locally advanced thyroid cancer: results of multimodal treatments

Prete A;Pieroni E;Marrama E;Bruschini L;Ferrari M;Scioti G;Aprile V;Guarracino F;Ambrosini CE;Molinaro E;Elisei R;Lucchi M;Materazzi G
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: Surgery plays a key role in the treatment of thyroid cancer (TC) patients. Locally advanced cases, however, can require an extensive surgical approach with technical issues and a high risk of complications. In these cases, a multidisciplinary evaluation should be carried out to evaluate pros and cons. The aim of this study was to share our experience, as a multidisciplinary team, in the management of patients with locally advanced TC with a particularly extensive local disease, whose surgical approach could be challenging and part of a multimodal treatment. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated clinical, surgical, and oncologic features of all patients with locally advanced TC who had undergone multidisciplinary surgery from January 2019 to June 2020. Results: Six patients (two cases each of poorly differentiated, papillary, and medullary TC) were included. Four out of six were suffering from symptoms related to the advanced disease. At pre-surgical evaluation, a multidisciplinary team proposed extended surgery with radical intent via cervicotomy and sternotomy, considering other therapies not feasible or probably ineffective without it. No one passed away in intra- or perioperative time. At the end of follow-up (median 2.6 years), all patients presented a remission of symptoms due to the advanced disease, four patients were submitted to adjuvant therapies and only one patient died for a cause unrelated to the disease. Conclusion: This series of very advanced TCs shows the effectiveness of a surgery performed by a multidisciplinary team in controlling symptoms, allowing adjuvant therapies, and improving the survival of patients whose cases would otherwise be very difficult to manage.
2023
Prete, A; Pieroni, E; Marrama, E; Bruschini, L; Ferrari, M; Scioti, G; Aprile, V; Guarracino, F; Ambrosini, Ce; Molinaro, E; Elisei, R; Lucchi, M; Mat...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1215972
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