Molecules that violate Hund’s rule and exhibit an inverted gap between the lowest singlet S1 and triplet T1 excited states have attracted considerable attention due to their potential applications in optoelectronics. Among these molecules, the triangular-shaped heptazine, and its derivatives, have been in the limelight. However, conflicting reports have arisen regarding the relative energies of S1 and T1. Here, we employ highly accurate levels of theory, such as CC3, to not only resolve the debate concerning the sign but also quantify the magnitude of the S1-T1 gap. We also determined the 0-0 energies to evaluate the significance of the vertical approximation. In addition, we compute reference S1-T1 gaps for a series of 10 related molecules. This enables us to benchmark lower-order methods for future applications in larger systems within the same family of compounds. This contribution can serve as a foundation for the design of triangular-shaped molecules with enhanced photophysical properties.

Heptazine, Cyclazine, and Related Compounds: Chemically-Accurate Estimates of the Inverted Singlet-Triplet Gap

Lipparini F.;Jacquemin D.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Molecules that violate Hund’s rule and exhibit an inverted gap between the lowest singlet S1 and triplet T1 excited states have attracted considerable attention due to their potential applications in optoelectronics. Among these molecules, the triangular-shaped heptazine, and its derivatives, have been in the limelight. However, conflicting reports have arisen regarding the relative energies of S1 and T1. Here, we employ highly accurate levels of theory, such as CC3, to not only resolve the debate concerning the sign but also quantify the magnitude of the S1-T1 gap. We also determined the 0-0 energies to evaluate the significance of the vertical approximation. In addition, we compute reference S1-T1 gaps for a series of 10 related molecules. This enables us to benchmark lower-order methods for future applications in larger systems within the same family of compounds. This contribution can serve as a foundation for the design of triangular-shaped molecules with enhanced photophysical properties.
2023
Loos, P. -F.; Lipparini, F.; Jacquemin, D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1218191
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