In Italy, 20 minutes of continuous, flat-line electrocardiogram are required for death declaration, which significantly increases the risks of donation after circulatory death (DCD) LT. Despite prolonged warm ischemia time, Italian centers reported good outcomes in controlled donation after circulatory death LT by combining normothermic regional and end-ischemic machine perfusion. However, data on uncontrolled DCD (uDCD) LT performed by this approach are lacking. This was a multicenter, retrospective study performed at 3 large-volume centers comparing clinical outcomes of uncontrolled versus controlled DCD LT. The aim of the study was to assess outcomes of sequential normothermic regional perfusion and end-ischemic machine perfusion in uncontrolled DCD liver transplantation (LT). Of 153 DCD donors evaluated during the study period, 40 uDCD and 59 donation after circulatory death grafts were transplanted (utilization rate 52% vs. 78%, p = 0.004). Recipients of uDCD grafts had higher MEAF (4.9 vs. 3.5, p < 0.001) and CCI scores at discharge (24.4 vs. 8.7, p = 0.026), longer ICU stay (5 vs. 4 d, p = 0.047), and a trend toward more severe AKI. At multivariate analysis, 90-day graft loss was associated with recipient BMI and lactate downtrend during normothermic regional perfusion. One-year graft survival was lower in uDCD (75% vs. 90%, p = 0.007) but became comparable when non-liver-related graft losses were treated as censors (77% vs. 90%, p = 0.100). The incidence of ischemic cholangiopathy was 10% in uDCD versus 3% in donation after circulatory death, p = 0.356. uDCD LT with prolonged warm ischemia is feasible by the sequential use of normothermic regional perfusion and end-ischemic machine perfusion. Proper donor and recipient selection are key to achieving good outcomes in this setting.

Liver transplantation with uncontrolled versus controlled DCD donors using normothermic regional perfusion and ex-situ machine perfusion

Ghinolfi, Davide;Farnesi, Francesca;Di Salvo, Maria;Morganti, Riccardo;De Simone, Paolo;
2024-01-01

Abstract

In Italy, 20 minutes of continuous, flat-line electrocardiogram are required for death declaration, which significantly increases the risks of donation after circulatory death (DCD) LT. Despite prolonged warm ischemia time, Italian centers reported good outcomes in controlled donation after circulatory death LT by combining normothermic regional and end-ischemic machine perfusion. However, data on uncontrolled DCD (uDCD) LT performed by this approach are lacking. This was a multicenter, retrospective study performed at 3 large-volume centers comparing clinical outcomes of uncontrolled versus controlled DCD LT. The aim of the study was to assess outcomes of sequential normothermic regional perfusion and end-ischemic machine perfusion in uncontrolled DCD liver transplantation (LT). Of 153 DCD donors evaluated during the study period, 40 uDCD and 59 donation after circulatory death grafts were transplanted (utilization rate 52% vs. 78%, p = 0.004). Recipients of uDCD grafts had higher MEAF (4.9 vs. 3.5, p < 0.001) and CCI scores at discharge (24.4 vs. 8.7, p = 0.026), longer ICU stay (5 vs. 4 d, p = 0.047), and a trend toward more severe AKI. At multivariate analysis, 90-day graft loss was associated with recipient BMI and lactate downtrend during normothermic regional perfusion. One-year graft survival was lower in uDCD (75% vs. 90%, p = 0.007) but became comparable when non-liver-related graft losses were treated as censors (77% vs. 90%, p = 0.100). The incidence of ischemic cholangiopathy was 10% in uDCD versus 3% in donation after circulatory death, p = 0.356. uDCD LT with prolonged warm ischemia is feasible by the sequential use of normothermic regional perfusion and end-ischemic machine perfusion. Proper donor and recipient selection are key to achieving good outcomes in this setting.
2024
Ghinolfi, Davide; Patrono, Damiano; De Carlis, Riccardo; Melandro, Fabio; Buscemi, Vincenzo; Farnesi, Francesca; Torri, Francesco; Lauterio, Andrea; Di Salvo, Maria; Cerchione, Raffaele; Zanierato, Marinella; Morganti, Riccardo; Romagnoli, Renato; De Simone, Paolo; De Carlis, Luciano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1221000
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