Purpose: Studies have investigated the early use of liquid biopsy (LBx) during the diagnostic workup of patients presenting with clinical evidence of advanced lung cancer, but real-world adoption and impact has not been characterized. The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of LBx before diagnosis (Dx; LBx-Dx) enables timely comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) and shortens time until treatment initiation for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (aNSCLC). Materials and methods: This study used the Flatiron Health-Foundation Medicine electronic health record-derived deidentified clinicogenomic database of patients with aNSCLC from approximately 280 US cancer clinics. Results: Of 1,076 patients with LBx CGP ordered within 30 days prediagnosis/postdiagnosis, we focused on 56 (5.2%) patients who ordered LBx before diagnosis date (median 8 days between order and diagnosis, range, 1-28). Compared with 1,020 patients who ordered LBx after diagnosis (Dx-LBx), LBx-Dx patients had similar stage and ctDNA tumor fraction (TF). LBx-Dx patients received CGP results a median of 1 day after Dx versus 25 days for Dx-LBx patients. Forty-three percent of LBx-Dx were positive for an National Comprehensive Cancer Network driver, and 32% had ctDNA TF >1% but were driver negative (presumed true negatives). In 748 patients with previously untreated aNSCLC, median time from Dx to therapy was shorter in the LBx-Dx versus Dx-LBx group (21 v 35 days; P < .001). Conclusion: Early LBx in anticipation of pathologic diagnosis of aNSCLC was uncommon in this real-world cohort, yet this emerging paradigm was associated with an abbreviated time to CGP results and faster therapy initiation. Forthcoming prospective studies will clarify the utility of LBx in parallel with biopsy for diagnostic confirmation for patients presenting with suspected advanced lung cancer.

Liquid Biopsy of Lung Cancer Before Pathological Diagnosis Is Associated With Shorter Time to Treatment

Del Re, Marzia;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: Studies have investigated the early use of liquid biopsy (LBx) during the diagnostic workup of patients presenting with clinical evidence of advanced lung cancer, but real-world adoption and impact has not been characterized. The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of LBx before diagnosis (Dx; LBx-Dx) enables timely comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) and shortens time until treatment initiation for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (aNSCLC). Materials and methods: This study used the Flatiron Health-Foundation Medicine electronic health record-derived deidentified clinicogenomic database of patients with aNSCLC from approximately 280 US cancer clinics. Results: Of 1,076 patients with LBx CGP ordered within 30 days prediagnosis/postdiagnosis, we focused on 56 (5.2%) patients who ordered LBx before diagnosis date (median 8 days between order and diagnosis, range, 1-28). Compared with 1,020 patients who ordered LBx after diagnosis (Dx-LBx), LBx-Dx patients had similar stage and ctDNA tumor fraction (TF). LBx-Dx patients received CGP results a median of 1 day after Dx versus 25 days for Dx-LBx patients. Forty-three percent of LBx-Dx were positive for an National Comprehensive Cancer Network driver, and 32% had ctDNA TF >1% but were driver negative (presumed true negatives). In 748 patients with previously untreated aNSCLC, median time from Dx to therapy was shorter in the LBx-Dx versus Dx-LBx group (21 v 35 days; P < .001). Conclusion: Early LBx in anticipation of pathologic diagnosis of aNSCLC was uncommon in this real-world cohort, yet this emerging paradigm was associated with an abbreviated time to CGP results and faster therapy initiation. Forthcoming prospective studies will clarify the utility of LBx in parallel with biopsy for diagnostic confirmation for patients presenting with suspected advanced lung cancer.
2024
Russo, Alessandro; Lee, Jessica K; Pasquina, Lincoln W; Del Re, Marzia; Dilks, Holli H; Murugesan, Karthikeyan; Madison, Russell W; Lee, Yi; Schrock, Alexa B; Comment, Leah; Dietrich, Martin; Oxnard, Geoffrey R; Rolfo, Christian
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1222567
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