Since the science white paper of the Large High Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO) published on arXiv in 2019 [e-Print: 1905.02773 (astro-ph.HE)], LHAASO has completed the transition from a project to an operational gamma-ray astronomical observatory LHAASO is a new generation multi-component facility located in Daocheng, Sichuan province of China, at an altitude of 4410 meters. It aims at measuring with unprecedented sensitivity the spectrum, composition, and anisotropy of cosmic rays in the energy range between 10$^{12}$ and 10$^{18}$~eV, and acting simultaneously as a wide aperture (one stereoradiant) continuously operating gamma-ray telescope in the energy range between 10$^{11}$ and $10^{15}$~eV with the designed sensitivity of 1.3\% of the Crab Unit (CU) above 100 TeV. LHAASO's capability of measuring simultaneously different shower components (electrons, muons, and Cherenkov/fluorescence light), will allow it to investigate the origin, acceleration, and propagation of CR through measurement of the energy spectrum, elemental composition, and anisotropy with unprecedented resolution. The remarkable sensitivity of LHAASO will play a key role in CR physics and gamma-ray astronomy for a general and comprehensive exploration of the high energy universe and will allow important studies of fundamental physics (such as indirect dark matter search, Lorentz invariance violation, quantum gravity) and solar and heliospheric physics. The LHAASO Collaboration organized an editorial working group and finished all editorial work of this science book, to summarize the instrumental features and outline the prospects of scientific researches with the LHAASO experiment.

The Large High Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO) Science Book (2021 Edition)

Xiao Zhang;Andrea Chiavassa;Marco Cirelli;Paolo Panci;Xiao Zhang;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Since the science white paper of the Large High Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO) published on arXiv in 2019 [e-Print: 1905.02773 (astro-ph.HE)], LHAASO has completed the transition from a project to an operational gamma-ray astronomical observatory LHAASO is a new generation multi-component facility located in Daocheng, Sichuan province of China, at an altitude of 4410 meters. It aims at measuring with unprecedented sensitivity the spectrum, composition, and anisotropy of cosmic rays in the energy range between 10$^{12}$ and 10$^{18}$~eV, and acting simultaneously as a wide aperture (one stereoradiant) continuously operating gamma-ray telescope in the energy range between 10$^{11}$ and $10^{15}$~eV with the designed sensitivity of 1.3\% of the Crab Unit (CU) above 100 TeV. LHAASO's capability of measuring simultaneously different shower components (electrons, muons, and Cherenkov/fluorescence light), will allow it to investigate the origin, acceleration, and propagation of CR through measurement of the energy spectrum, elemental composition, and anisotropy with unprecedented resolution. The remarkable sensitivity of LHAASO will play a key role in CR physics and gamma-ray astronomy for a general and comprehensive exploration of the high energy universe and will allow important studies of fundamental physics (such as indirect dark matter search, Lorentz invariance violation, quantum gravity) and solar and heliospheric physics. The LHAASO Collaboration organized an editorial working group and finished all editorial work of this science book, to summarize the instrumental features and outline the prospects of scientific researches with the LHAASO experiment.
2022
Cao, Zhen; della Volpe, D.; Liu, Siming; :, Editors; Bi, Xiaojun; Chen, Yang; D'Ettorre Piazzoli, B.; Feng, Li; Jia, Huanyu; Li, Zhuo; Ma, Xinhua; Wang, Xiangyu; Zhang, Xiao; Referees, External; :, ; Qie, Xiushu; Hu, Hongbo; Referees, Internal; :, ; Sáiz, Alejandro; Yang, Ruizhi; :, Contributors; Addazi, Andrea; Belotsky, Konstantin; Beylin, Vitaly; Bi, Yu-Jiang; Che, Ming-Jun; Chen, Song-Zhan; Cheng, Yao-Dong; Chiavassa, Andrea; Cirelli, Marco; Di Sciascio, Giuseppe; Esmaili, Arman; Fang, Kun; Fornengo, Nicolao; Gou, Quanbu; Guo, Yi-Qing; Gan, Qingyu; Gong, Guang-Hua; Gu, Min-Hao; He, Haoning; He, Hui-Hai; Hou, Chao; Huang, Xing-Tao; Huang, Wen-Hao; Kachekriess, Michael; Khlopov, Maxim; Korchagin, Vladimir; Korochkin, Alexander; Kuksa, Vladimir; Ksenofontov, Leonid T.; Liu, Ye; Liu, Ruo-Yu; Liu, Cheng; Marciano, Antonino; Martineau-Huynh, Olivier; Martraire, Diane; Ma, Lingling; Neronov, Andrii; Panci, Paolo; Pasechnick, Roman; Ruffolo, David; Sakharov, Alexander; Sala, Filippo; Semikoz, Dimiri; Shchegolev, Oleg; Dario Serpico, Pasquale; Sheng, Xiang-Dong; Stenkin, Yuri V.; Thomas Tam, P. H.; Vernetto, Silvia; Vallania, Piero; Volchanskiy, Nikolay; Wang, Zhongxiang; Wang, Kai; Wang, Xiang-Yu; Wu, Han-Rong; Wu, Chao-Yong; Wu, Sha; Xiao, Gang; Yang, Rui-zhi; Yan, Dahai; Yao, Zhi-Guo; Yin, Pengfei; Yuan, Qiang; Zhang, Xiao; Zeng, Houdun; Zhang, Shou-Shan; Zhang, Yi; Zhou, Xunxiu; Zhu, Hui; Zuo, Xiong
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1229347
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