Small modular reactors (SMRs) are gaining significant attention as a promising solution for clean and sustainable nuclear-power generation. However, the operation of SMRs is subject to various challenges, including two-phase flow instabilities. Flow instability has the potential to trigger flow-induced vibration and cyclic fluctuations in local thermal stress. These instabilities frequently manifest because of the complex interplay among a multitude of factors, encompassing thermal-hydraulic conditions, the geometric configuration of the steam generator, and operational parameters. These conditions could subsequently lead to premature critical heat flux, equipment malfunctions, and other safety concerns. The endeavor to address steam-generator flow instabilities is of utmost importance in augmenting the sustainability and efficiency of contemporary energy production. This study offers a comprehensive review of instabilities in two-phase flow, with a particular focus on the influential factors impacting the stability of flow boiling. Furthermore, it delves into the processes of identifying, characterizing, and ameliorating these instabilities, emphasizing pivotal findings, methodologies employed, and avenues for prospective research. The primary parameters of concern encompass the efficient transfer of thermal energy, the optimization of mass-flow rates, and the establishment of favorable boundary conditions, all in the context of steam generator design to alleviate instability for water-cooled SMRs. These discernments bear substantial ramifications for enhancing reactor performance and ensuring operational safety.

Flow Instabilities in boiling channels and their suppression methodologies—A review

Ambrosini W.;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are gaining significant attention as a promising solution for clean and sustainable nuclear-power generation. However, the operation of SMRs is subject to various challenges, including two-phase flow instabilities. Flow instability has the potential to trigger flow-induced vibration and cyclic fluctuations in local thermal stress. These instabilities frequently manifest because of the complex interplay among a multitude of factors, encompassing thermal-hydraulic conditions, the geometric configuration of the steam generator, and operational parameters. These conditions could subsequently lead to premature critical heat flux, equipment malfunctions, and other safety concerns. The endeavor to address steam-generator flow instabilities is of utmost importance in augmenting the sustainability and efficiency of contemporary energy production. This study offers a comprehensive review of instabilities in two-phase flow, with a particular focus on the influential factors impacting the stability of flow boiling. Furthermore, it delves into the processes of identifying, characterizing, and ameliorating these instabilities, emphasizing pivotal findings, methodologies employed, and avenues for prospective research. The primary parameters of concern encompass the efficient transfer of thermal energy, the optimization of mass-flow rates, and the establishment of favorable boundary conditions, all in the context of steam generator design to alleviate instability for water-cooled SMRs. These discernments bear substantial ramifications for enhancing reactor performance and ensuring operational safety.
2024
Abdellatif, H. H.; Ambrosini, W.; Arcilesi, D.; Bhowmik, P. K.; Sabharwall, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1229687
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