The application of mechanical stimulation on bone tissue engineering constructs aims to mimic the native dynamic nature of bone. Although many attempts have been made to evaluate the effect of applied mechanical stimuli on osteogenic differentiation, the conditions that govern this process have not yet been fully explored. In this study, pre-osteoblastic cells were seeded on PLLA/PCL/PHBV (90/5/5 wt.%) polymeric blend scaffolds. The constructs were subjected every day to cyclic uniaxial compression for 40 min at a displacement of 400 μm, using three frequency values, 0.5, 1, and 1.5 Hz, for up to 21 days, and their osteogenic response was compared to that of static cultures. Finite element simulation was performed to validate the scaffold design and the loading direction, and to assure that cells inside the scaffolds would be subjected to significant levels of strain during stimulation. None of the applied loading conditions negatively affected the cell viability. The alkaline phosphatase activity data indicated significantly higher values at all dynamic conditions compared to the static ones at day 7, with the highest response being observed at 0.5 Hz. Collagen and calcium production were significantly increased compared to static controls. These results indicate that all of the examined frequencies substantially promoted the osteogenic capacity.

Effect of Uniaxial Compression Frequency on Osteogenic Cell Responses in Dynamic 3D Cultures

Bonatti A. F.;Batoni E.;De Maria C.;Vozzi G.;Mondal S.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The application of mechanical stimulation on bone tissue engineering constructs aims to mimic the native dynamic nature of bone. Although many attempts have been made to evaluate the effect of applied mechanical stimuli on osteogenic differentiation, the conditions that govern this process have not yet been fully explored. In this study, pre-osteoblastic cells were seeded on PLLA/PCL/PHBV (90/5/5 wt.%) polymeric blend scaffolds. The constructs were subjected every day to cyclic uniaxial compression for 40 min at a displacement of 400 μm, using three frequency values, 0.5, 1, and 1.5 Hz, for up to 21 days, and their osteogenic response was compared to that of static cultures. Finite element simulation was performed to validate the scaffold design and the loading direction, and to assure that cells inside the scaffolds would be subjected to significant levels of strain during stimulation. None of the applied loading conditions negatively affected the cell viability. The alkaline phosphatase activity data indicated significantly higher values at all dynamic conditions compared to the static ones at day 7, with the highest response being observed at 0.5 Hz. Collagen and calcium production were significantly increased compared to static controls. These results indicate that all of the examined frequencies substantially promoted the osteogenic capacity.
2023
Kontogianni, G. -I.; Loukelis, K.; Bonatti, A. F.; Batoni, E.; De Maria, C.; Naseem, R.; Dalgarno, K.; Vozzi, G.; Macmanus, D. B.; Mondal, S.; Dunne, N.; Vitale-Brovarone, C.; Chatzinikolaidou, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1233928
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