A drug Mechanism of Action (MoA) is a complex biological phenomenon that describes how a bioactive compound produces a pharmacological effect. The complete knowledge of MoA is fundamental to fully understanding the drug activity. Over the years, many experimental methods have been developed and a huge quantity of data has been produced. Nowadays, considering the increasing omics data availability and the improvement of the accessible computational resources, the study of a drug MoA is conducted by integrating experimental and bioinformatics approaches. The development of new in silico solutions for this type of analysis is continuously ongoing; herein, an updating review on such bioinformatic methods is presented. The methodologies cited are based on multi-omics data integration in biochemical networks and Machine Learning (ML). The multiple types of usable input data and the advantages and disadvantages of each method have been analyzed, with a focus on their applications. Three specific research areas (i.e. cancer drug development, antibiotics discovery, and drug repurposing) have been chosen for their importance in the drug discovery fields in which the study of drug MoA, through novel bioinformatics approaches, is particularly productive.

Drug Mechanism: A bioinformatic update

Da Pozzo E.
;
Trincavelli M. L.;Milazzo P.;Martini C.
2024-01-01

Abstract

A drug Mechanism of Action (MoA) is a complex biological phenomenon that describes how a bioactive compound produces a pharmacological effect. The complete knowledge of MoA is fundamental to fully understanding the drug activity. Over the years, many experimental methods have been developed and a huge quantity of data has been produced. Nowadays, considering the increasing omics data availability and the improvement of the accessible computational resources, the study of a drug MoA is conducted by integrating experimental and bioinformatics approaches. The development of new in silico solutions for this type of analysis is continuously ongoing; herein, an updating review on such bioinformatic methods is presented. The methodologies cited are based on multi-omics data integration in biochemical networks and Machine Learning (ML). The multiple types of usable input data and the advantages and disadvantages of each method have been analyzed, with a focus on their applications. Three specific research areas (i.e. cancer drug development, antibiotics discovery, and drug repurposing) have been chosen for their importance in the drug discovery fields in which the study of drug MoA, through novel bioinformatics approaches, is particularly productive.
2024
Cirinciani, M.; Da Pozzo, E.; Trincavelli, M. L.; Milazzo, P.; Martini, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1240567
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