NM23, a novel gene associated with low tumor metastatic potential, has been investigated in an experimental system in which metastasis is inhibited by the transfection of viral and cellular oncogenes. The experimental system utilizes transfection of the Adenovirus 2 Ela gene to inhibit metastasis: rat embryo fibroblasts (REF) transfected with c-Ha-ras were highly metastatic, while REF cotransfected with ras and Ela were virtually nonmetastatic. NM23 RNA levels were higher in three independently ras + Ela-cotransfected, low metastatic REF lines than in three independently ras-transfected, highly metastatic REF line. Differences in hybridizable NM23 RNA levels between the two groups of transfected cell lines ranged from 2- to 8-fold. In situ hybridization demonstrated that the relatively high NM23 RNA levels in low metastatic ras + Ela-cotransfected REF cells were not due to overexpression of the NM23 gene by a subpopulation of cells. Thus, the metastasis-inhibitory effect of the exogenously added Ela gene has been associated with increased activation of the cellular NM23 gene. This associated is particularly significant in light of the very few changes observed in translatable steady-state RNA levels between ras- and ras + Ela-transfected REF lines. The data identify NM23 as a candidate for a gene that suppresses the malignant state.
|Autori:||Steeg PS; Bevilacqua G; Pozzatti R; Liotta LA; Sobel ME.|
|Titolo:||Altered expression of NM23, a gene associated with low tumor metastatic potential, during adenovirus 2 Ela inhibition of experimental metastasis.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1988|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|