The synthesis and binding studies of a series of 3-acylpyrazolo[5,1-c][1,2,4]benzotriazine 5-oxides 8-substituted are reported. High-affinity ligands at benzodiazepine site on GABA(A) receptor complex (GABA(A)/BzR complex) were obtained when the 3-aroyl substituent is represented by a five-member heteroaroyl ring (furoyl-, thenoyl-, and pyrroyl-). Moreover the type of heteroaroyl ring at position 3 influences the feature of the substituent at position 8 to obtain high-affinity ligands: a 'hydrogen-bond acceptor ring' at position 3 is synergic with an electron donor substituent at position 8, while a 'hydrogen-bond donor ring' is synergic with a withdrawing substituent. Compounds 8a, 9b, and 11 were deeply studied in vivo for their pharmacological effects considering six potential benzodiazepine actions: motor coordination, anticonvulsant action, spontaneous motor activity and explorative activity, anxiolytic-like effects, mouse learning and memory modulation, and ethanol-potentiating action. To rationalize and qualitatively interpret the GABA(A)/Bz binding affinities of compounds 8a and 11, a dynamic molecular modeling study has been performed, with the aim of assessing the preferred geometry of protein-ligand complex.
|Autori:||GUERRINI G; CICIANI G; CAMBI G; BRUNI F; SELLERI S; MELANI F; MONTALI M; MARTINI C; GHELARDINI C; NORCINI M; COSTANZO A|
|Titolo:||Novel 3-aroylpyrazolo[5,1-c][1,2,4]benzotriazine 5-oxides 8-substituted, ligands at GABAA/benzodiazepine receptor complex: synthesis, pharmacological and molecular modeling studies|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|