Saving energy is a very critical issue in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) since sensor nodes are typically powered by batteries with a limited capacity. Since the radio is the main cause of power consumption in a sensor node, transmission/reception of data should be limited as much as possible. To this aim, we propose a novel distributed approach to data aggregation based on fuzzy numbers and weighted average operators to reduce data communication in WSNs when we are interested in the estimation of an aggregated value such as maximum or minimum temperature measured in the network. The basic point of our approach is that each node maintains an estimate of the aggregated value. Based on this estimate, the node decides whether a new value measured by the sensor on board the node or received through a message has to be propagated along the network. We show how the lifetime of the network can be estimated through the datasheet of the sensor node and the number of received and transmitted messages. We discuss and evaluate the application of our approach to the monitoring of the maximum temperature in a 100-node simulated WSN and a 12-node real WSN. Finally, we compute the estimates of the lifetimes for both the networks.
|Autori:||CROCE S; MARCELLONI F; VECCHIO M|
|Titolo:||Reducing Power Consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks using a Novel Approach to Data Aggregation|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1093/comjnl/bxm046|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|