To investigate the effects of dydrogesterone (DYD), a synthetic progestin largely used in hormone therapy, on the central nervous system by studying two markers of the neuroendocrine function: the neurosteroid allopregnanolone and the opioid beta-endorphin. DESIGN: Experimental study on animal model. SETTING: Academic research environment. ANIMAL(S): 72 Wistar female rats. INTERVENTION(S): One group of fertile and one of ovariectomized rats (receiving placebo) were used as control. After ovariectomy, the rats underwent a 2-week oral treatment of DYD (0.2, 0.6, or 1.0 mg/kg per day), alone or with estradiol valerate (E2V; 0.05 mg/kg per day). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Allopregnanolone and beta-endorphin, assessed in different brain areas and in circulation. RESULT(S): Ovariectomy decreased allopregnanolone anywhere except in the adrenal gland and reduced beta-endorphin central levels; E2V reversed the effects of ovariectomy; and DYD (1 mg/kg per day) increased allopregnanolone levels in frontal lobe, hippocampus, and hypothalamus. Combined administration of DYD at 1 mg/kg per day plus E2V determined a further increase of allopregnanolone levels in frontal lobe, hippocampus, hypothalamus, and serum. Dydrogesterone did not modify the levels of beta-endorphin induced by E2V. CONCLUSION(S): Dydrogesterone interacts with allopregnanolone levels (less with beta-endorphin), and it can be considered important modulator of the neuroendocrine function.
|Autori:||PLUCHINO N; LENZI E; CASAROSA E; CELA V; BEGLIUOMINI S; NINNI F; FRESCHI L; LUISI S; GENAZZANI A|
|Titolo:||Dydrogesterone increases allopregnanolone in selected brain areas and in serum of female rats|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|