The present study evaluated the possible effect and mechanism of action of interleukin-1 beta in regulating the release of corticotropin-releasing factor and adrenocorticotropin hormone from human cultured placental cells. With the use of a primary monolayer culture of human placental cells at term, the addition of interleukin-1 beta increased the release of immunoreactive corticotropin-releasing factor with a dose- and time-dependent effect. The intracellular concentration of both cyclic adenosine monophosphate and cyclic guanosine monophosphate increased in the presence of interleukin-1 beta. The addition of indomethacin, a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor, partially reversed the effect of interleukin-1 beta. The same doses of interleukin-1 beta stimulated the release of adrenocorticotropin hormone and this effect was partially reversed by the addition of a synthetic corticotropin-releasing factor antagonist or by indomethacin. This study showed that interleukin-1 beta increases the release of corticotropin-releasing factor and adrenocorticotropin hormone from cultured placental cells. This effect is associated with increased intracellular cyclic nucleotide concentrations and is in part reversed by a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor.

Mechanism of action of interleukin-1 beta in increasing corticotropin-releasing factor and adrenocorticotropin hormone release from cultured human placental cells.

GENAZZANI, ANDREA;
1990

Abstract

The present study evaluated the possible effect and mechanism of action of interleukin-1 beta in regulating the release of corticotropin-releasing factor and adrenocorticotropin hormone from human cultured placental cells. With the use of a primary monolayer culture of human placental cells at term, the addition of interleukin-1 beta increased the release of immunoreactive corticotropin-releasing factor with a dose- and time-dependent effect. The intracellular concentration of both cyclic adenosine monophosphate and cyclic guanosine monophosphate increased in the presence of interleukin-1 beta. The addition of indomethacin, a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor, partially reversed the effect of interleukin-1 beta. The same doses of interleukin-1 beta stimulated the release of adrenocorticotropin hormone and this effect was partially reversed by the addition of a synthetic corticotropin-releasing factor antagonist or by indomethacin. This study showed that interleukin-1 beta increases the release of corticotropin-releasing factor and adrenocorticotropin hormone from cultured placental cells. This effect is associated with increased intracellular cyclic nucleotide concentrations and is in part reversed by a prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor.
Petraglia, F; Garuti, Gc; De Ramundo, B; Angioni, S; Genazzani, Andrea; Bilezikjian, L. M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/12611
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