The effects of two anxiolytic beta-carboline derivatives, ZK 93423 and ZK 91296, on the binding of gamma-[3H]aminobutyric acid ([3H]GABA) to brain membrane preparations from rat cerebral cortex were examined. ZK 93423 concentration-dependently enhanced the specific binding of [3H]GABA, with a maximal increase of 45% above control at a 50 microM concentration. A less pronounced increase was induced by diazepam and by the partial agonist ZK 91296. Scatchard plot analysis revealed that the effect of ZK 93423 was due to an increase in the total number of high- and low-affinity GABA binding sites. The action of ZK 93423 was mediated by benzodiazepine recognition sites since it was blocked by the benzodiazepine antagonists Ro 15-1788 and ZK 93426 at concentrations that failed to modify [3H]GABA binding on their own. Moreover the stimulatory effect of ZK 93423 on [3H]GABA binding was also blocked by the beta-carboline inverse agonist ethyl beta-carboline-3-carboxylate. These results are consistent with the view that ZK 93423 and ZK 91296, similarly to benzodiazepines, exert their pharmacological effects by enhancing the GABAergic transmission at the level of the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor complex.
|Autori:||Corda MG; Giorgi O; Longoni B; Mereu GP; Biggio G|
|Titolo:||Enhancement of gamma-aminobutyric acid binding by the anxiolytic beta-carbolines ZK 93423 and ZK 91296.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1987|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|