Aim: to estimate the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by integrating various administrative health information systems. Methods: prevalent COPD cases were defined as those reported in the hospital discharge registry (HDR) and cause of mortality registry (CMR) with codes 490*, 491*, 492*, 494* e 496* of the International diseases classification 9th revision. Annual prevalence was estimated in 35+ year-old residents in six Italian areas of different sizes, in the period 2002-2004. We in cluded cases observed in the previous four years who were alive at the beginning of each year. Results: in 2003, age-standardized prevalence rates varied from 1.6% in Venice to 5% in Taranto. Prevalence was higher in males and increased with age. The highest rates were observed in central (Rome) and southern (Taranto) cities, especially in the 35-64 age group. HDR contributed 91% of cases. Healthtax exemption registry would increase the prevalence estimate by 0.2% if used as a third data source. Conclusions: with respect to the National Health Status sur delvey, COPD prevalence is underestimated by 1%-3%; this can partly be due to the selection of severe and exacerbated COPD by the algorithm used. However, age, gender and geographical characteristics of prevalent cases were comparable to national estimates. Including cases observed in previous years (longitudinal estimates) increased the point estimate (yearly) of prevalence two or three times in each area.
|Autori:||Faustini A; Cascini S; Arcà M; Balzi D; Barchielli A; Canova C; Galassi C; Migliore E; Minerba S; Protti MA; Romanelli A; Tessari R; Vigotti M; Simonato L|
|Titolo:||Stima della prevalenza di broncopneumopatia cronico-ostruttiva (BPCO) basata su dati sanitari correnti, mediante l’uso di un algoritmo comune, in differenti aree italiane|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|