A method of producing human monoclonal antibody by combining somatic cell hybridization technology with the capability of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) to transform human B lymphocytes is described. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from a donor with positive tuberculin skin test reaction were transformed by EBV and then tested for antibody production to mycobacterial purified protein derivative (PPD) by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Two EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines making IgM antibodies to PPD were obtained. One of these cell lines was fused by polyethylene glycol with a murine hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase-deficient myeloma cell line that had been selected for resistance to ouabain. The human-mouse hybrids were selected in ouabain-containing HAT medium and 11 heterohybridomas producing IgM antibody to PPD were obtained. One of these was cloned by limiting dilution with efficiency at least 20-fold higher than parent EBV-transformed cell line. Heterohybridoma subclones reached levels of IgM antibody as high as 75.0 micrograms/ml of culture medium, whereas IgM production of EBV-transformed B cell clones ranged between 3.0 and 4.0 micrograms/ml.

HUMAN MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY TO PURIFIED PROTEIN DERIVATIVE OF TUBERCULIN PRODUCED BY HYBRIDS CONSTRUCTED WITH EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS-TRANSFORMED LYMPHOCYTES-B AND MOUSE MYELOMA CELLS

GARZELLI, CARLO;
1986

Abstract

A method of producing human monoclonal antibody by combining somatic cell hybridization technology with the capability of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) to transform human B lymphocytes is described. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from a donor with positive tuberculin skin test reaction were transformed by EBV and then tested for antibody production to mycobacterial purified protein derivative (PPD) by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Two EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines making IgM antibodies to PPD were obtained. One of these cell lines was fused by polyethylene glycol with a murine hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase-deficient myeloma cell line that had been selected for resistance to ouabain. The human-mouse hybrids were selected in ouabain-containing HAT medium and 11 heterohybridomas producing IgM antibody to PPD were obtained. One of these was cloned by limiting dilution with efficiency at least 20-fold higher than parent EBV-transformed cell line. Heterohybridoma subclones reached levels of IgM antibody as high as 75.0 micrograms/ml of culture medium, whereas IgM production of EBV-transformed B cell clones ranged between 3.0 and 4.0 micrograms/ml.
Garzelli, Carlo; Puglisi, C; Falcone, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/12742
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