Poly(3-azidomethyl-3-methyloxetane) and its copolymers with 3,3-bis(azidomethyl)oxetane were synthesized by cationic polymerization from 3-tosyloxymethyl-3-methyl oxetane and 3,3-bis(bromomethyl)oxetane, using a polyol as initiator and boron trifluoride complex as catalyst, followed by azidation. The final objective is the synthesis of an energetic binder to be used for rocket propellants and therefore the effects of different initiator/catalyst systems on important properties, like, i.e., the molecular weight distribution and the functionality of the polymer, were investigated. It was found that, even though both the operating conditions and the catalytic system were chosen in order to grant the living character of the polymerization, the latter seems to be prevalently driven by an “active chain end” mechanism. In particular, this may lead to the undesired formation of a small quantity of oligomers and to the presence of non-hydroxylic chain-end functionalities. Nevertheless, the average number of OH groups can be strictly controlled when boron trifluoride tetrahydrofuranate is used as catalyst.
|Autori interni:||POLACCO, GIOVANNI|
|Autori:||U. BARBIERI; T. KEICHER; POLACCO G|
|Titolo:||Homo and copolymers of 3-tosyloxymethyl-3-methyl oxetane (TMMO) as precursors of energetic azide polymers|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|