We review results concerning the theta dependence of 4D SU(N) gauge theories and QCD, where theta is the coefficient of the CP-violating topological term in the Lagrangian. In particular, We discuss theta dependence in the large-N limit. Most results have been obtained within the lattice formulation of the theory via numerical Simulations. We review results at zero and finite temperature. We show that the results Support the scenario obtained by general large-N scaling arguments, and in particular the Witten-Veneziano mechanism to explain the U(1)(A) problem. We also compare with results obtained by other approaches, especially in the large-N limit, where the issue has been also addressed using, for example, the AdS/CFT correspondence. We discuss issues related to theta dependence in full QCD: the neutron electric dipole moment, the dependence of the topological Susceptibility oil the quark masses, the theta(1)(A) symmetry breaking at finite temperature. We also review results in the 2D CP(N) 1 model, which is all interesting theoretical laboratory to Study issues related to topology. Finally, we discuss the main features of the two-point correlation function of the topological charge density. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||Vicari E; Panagopoulos H|
|Titolo:||theta dependence of SU(N) gauge theories in the presence of a topological term|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.physrep.2008.10.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|