Convection heat transfer of CO 2 at super-critical pressures during cooling in a vertical small tube with inner diameter of 2.00 mm was investigated experimentally and numerically. The local heat transfer coefﬁcients were determined through a combination of experimental measurements and numerical sim- ulations. This study investigated the effects of pressure, cooling water mass ﬂow rate, CO 2 mass ﬂow rate, CO 2 inlet temperature, ﬂow direction, properties variation and buoyancy on convection heat transfer in small tube. The results show that the local heat transfer coefﬁcients vary signiﬁcantly along the tube when the CO 2 bulk temperatures are in the near-critical region. The increase of speciﬁc heat and turbu- lence kinetic energy due to the density variation leads to the increase of the local heat transfer coefﬁ- cients for upward ﬂow. The buoyancy effect induced by density variation leads to a different variation trend of the local heat transfer coefﬁcients along the tube for upward and downward ﬂows. The numer- ical simulations were conducted using several k–e turbulence models including the RNG k–e model with a two-layer near wall treatment and three low-Reynolds number eddy viscosity turbulence models. The simulations using the low-Reynolds number k–e model due to Yang–Shih has been found to be able to reproduce the general features exhibited in the experiments, although with a relatively large overestima- tion of measured wall temperatures. A better understanding of the mechanism of properties variation and buoyancy effects on convection heat transfer of CO 2 at super-critical pressures in a vertical small tube during cooling has been developed based on the information generated by the simulation on the detailed ﬂow and turbulence ﬁelds.
|Autori interni:||AMBROSINI, WALTER|
|Autori:||PEI-XUE JIANG; CHEN-RU ZHAO; RUN-FU SHI; YANG CHEN; AMBROSINI W|
|Titolo:||Experimental and numerical study of convection heat transfer of CO2 at super-critical pressures during cooling in small vertical tube|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|