Seismic and fire design of a building structure maybe two very demanding tasks, especially if included in a performance based design philosophy. For the time being, the necessary harmonization on the regulations concerning these two design fields is almost missing, thus preventing the effective possibility of an integrated design. Besides, while many countries have already moved towards the use of performance-based codes for seismic design, the application of such methodologies for the fire design of structures is still limited in scope. Within this framework, the development of suitable procedures introducing structural fire performance issues for a comprehensive design methodology is needed. In this paper, a numerical investigation for the assessment of the structural fire performance of earthquake resistant composite steel-concrete frames is presented. With reference to a case study defined in the framework of a European Research Project, a great effort was devoted to the identification of the key structural parameters allowing for a possible correlation between the predictable performances under seismic and fire loadings, when these two are considered as independent actions. At the conceptual design level, the most suitable structural solution with respect to both design actions was chosen, including composite beams and circular steel concrete-filled columns. The frame was designed in order to resist severe seismic action according to the ductile design approach provided by Eurocode 8; the parameters affecting members' sizing were outlined in this phase. Afterwards, the seismic performance of the designed frame was investigated by means of non-linear static analyses; once the seismic performance objectives were met, in order to evaluate the structural fire performance of the whole frame a set of criteria was defined. To this purpose, thermo-mechanical analyses under different boundary conditions were developed and in order to identify the possible mechanisms leading to structural failure, the state of stress at the critical cross-sections at different times of fire exposure was investigated. Another point of main concern was represented by the assessment of the influence of different restraining conditions on the achieved fire resistance rating and kind of structural failure. Moreover, the proposed methodology allowed making an estimate of the amount of axial restraint provided to the heated beams by the surrounding structure: in this view, the importance of choosing column elements in function of their flexural stiffness was revealed, in order to correlate it with the predictable performances under both seismic and fire loadings.
|Autori:||ALDERIGHI E; SALVATORE W|
|Titolo:||Structural fire performance of earthquake-resistant composite steel-concrete frames|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.engstruct.2008.12.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|