The activation of rat basophilic leukemia cells for histamine release is accompanied by Ca2+ influx and arachidonic acid release. IgE receptor but not A23187 ionophore stimulation of these cells also resulted in phosphoinositide breakdown. In these experiments, the culture of these cells with dexamethasone inhibited IgE- and ionophore-mediated histamine release. The concentration for 50% of maximal inhibition was 12 nM, and prolonged exposure to the drug was required, with maximal effect observed in 8 to 15 hr. The inhibitory effect of dexamethasone was reversible (t1/2 for recovery was 16 hr). Dexamethasone blocked the IgE-mediated 45Ca2+ influx and the release of [14C]-arachidonic acid (IC50 of 1 nM and 10 nM respectively). Dexamethasone inhibited the IgE receptor-mediated phosphoinositide breakdown (IC50 of 5 nM). It also decreased arachidonic acid release after A23187 stimulation demonstrating an effect on phospholipase A2. Therefore, exposure of the cells to dexamethasone results in the inhibition of both phospholipase A2 and phospholipase C pathways of arachidonic acid generation.

Dexamethasone inhibits receptor-activated phosphoinositide breakdown in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells

GARCIA GIL, MARIA de las MERCEDES;
1987

Abstract

The activation of rat basophilic leukemia cells for histamine release is accompanied by Ca2+ influx and arachidonic acid release. IgE receptor but not A23187 ionophore stimulation of these cells also resulted in phosphoinositide breakdown. In these experiments, the culture of these cells with dexamethasone inhibited IgE- and ionophore-mediated histamine release. The concentration for 50% of maximal inhibition was 12 nM, and prolonged exposure to the drug was required, with maximal effect observed in 8 to 15 hr. The inhibitory effect of dexamethasone was reversible (t1/2 for recovery was 16 hr). Dexamethasone blocked the IgE-mediated 45Ca2+ influx and the release of [14C]-arachidonic acid (IC50 of 1 nM and 10 nM respectively). Dexamethasone inhibited the IgE receptor-mediated phosphoinositide breakdown (IC50 of 5 nM). It also decreased arachidonic acid release after A23187 stimulation demonstrating an effect on phospholipase A2. Therefore, exposure of the cells to dexamethasone results in the inhibition of both phospholipase A2 and phospholipase C pathways of arachidonic acid generation.
Berenstein, E. H.; GARCIA GIL, MARIA de las MERCEDES; Siraganian, P. R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/13143
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