The degradation of 2-chlorophenol vapours in air was performed in a trickling biofilter packed with ceramic material seeded with the bacterium Pseudomonas pickettii, strain LD1. The system performance was evaluated under varying operating conditions (inlet 2-chlorophenol air concentrations from 0.10 to 3.50 g m(-3). and superficial air velocities of 30.0, 60.0. and 120.0 m h(-1)). For all air velocity the maximum degradation rate was obtained for loading rates of 40 g m(-2) h(-1). Higher loading conditions resulted in strong inhibition of microbial activity, particularly severe at high air velocity. Process analysis, performed using data on pollutant concentration profiles along the filter packing obtained Under different conditions of inlet concentration and air velocity, proves that best performance (i.e. maximum degradation efficiency and capacity) call be obtained for a narrow range of operating conditions, which call be ensured by proper design of biofilter size (i.e. diameter and height). Kinetic analysis of experimental data confirms that 2-CP inhibits microbial activity in the biofilter bed. Experimental data are satisfactorily fitted by the Haldane kinetic equation up to a critical value of loading rate, beyond which the experimental degradation rate is overestimated by the kinetic model. The inhibition appears to be affected by the loading rate, and the estimated inhibition constant linearly increases with increasing empty bed residence time. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Autori:||Nicolella C; Converti A; Zilli M|
|Titolo:||Biotrickling air filtration of 2-chlorophenol at high loading rates|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bej.2008.09.007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|