Diagnosis of immunologic injury (acute and chronic) is much more difficult in pancreas transplants when compared with transplants of other organs. Currently, the immunosuppressive regimen for induction involves calcineurin inhibitors (CNI), antimetabolites and corticosteroids (Cs). This strong and nonspecific regimen does not take into consideration pancreas specificities (i.e. the need to avoid diabetogenic compounds). For obvious reasons, CNI might be calling for review, if permanently indicated in recipients of solitary pancreas with mild renal dysfunction. CNI as well as corticosteroids may induce hyperglycemia and contribute to differential diagnosis of a rejection process. However, in spite of the benefits accruing from withdrawal of above immunosuppressive agents, minimization or avoidance of these drugs could be dangerous and may end up with graft loss (i.e. antibody-mediated process). Long-term results of pancreas transplantation are now achieving comparable survival rates similar to the transplant of traditional organs such as kidney and liver. As a consequence, the physicians’ objectives are to prolong the patient’s quality of life and organ function as long as possible. Weaning strategies in regard to CNI and steroids are tested. Sirolimus, everolimus, CTLA-4 Ig, etc, are agents known to be either both nonnephrotoxic and nondiabetogenic or less so when compared with CNI. Their impact on pancreas transplantation is beginning to be evaluated. Large randomized trials in all pancreas categories, with long-term clinical and histologic results, are mandatory to establish new guidelines for immunosuppressive regimens for pancreas transplantation.
|Autori:||Cantarovich D; Vistoli F|
|Titolo:||Minimization protocols in pancreas transplantation|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1432-2277.2008.00738.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|